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Bambara Groundnut is a Climate-Resilient Crop: How Could a Drought-Tolerant and Nutritious Legume Improve Community Resilience in the Face of Climate Change?

  • Aryo FeldmanEmail author
  • Wai Kuan Ho
  • Festo Massawe
  • Sean Mayes
Chapter

Abstract

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.; www.bamyield.org) is a crop similar in morphology and growth habit to groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). It was also historically largely displaced by groundnut upon the latter’s introduction to sub-Saharan Africa from Latin America (Sprent et al. 2010). Bambara groundnut nevertheless still holds local importance in West Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa and even Southeast Asia (Fig. 8.1). It is held in high esteem for its nutritional qualities by the consumer and its drought tolerance by the farmer (Tables 8.1, 8.2, and 8.3; Fig. 8.2). It could therefore be promoted in areas that are currently drought prone as well as in areas where climate change projections show an increased frequency and intensity in droughts as well as unpredictable rainfall patterns.

Supplementary material

Video 8.1

This video highlights international, crop breeding and field evaluation of a drought-tolerant, tropical legume, bambara groundnut. First, you can see the experimental field site in an ex-palm oil estate in Crops For the Future, Malaysia, which coordinates multi-site trials around West and Southern Africa, and Southeast Asia. Seeds are harvested from pods that bury themselves in the soil as a mechanism of stress avoidance. The high level of diversity in the crop’s seeds and plants are characterised in terms of morphology, physiology, nutrition and DNA. The crop is an important source of non-animal protein in low-income countries, as well as providing other key nutritional properties like essential fatty acids. The crop is underutilised in most respects but it is currently attracting high-level scientific research, even outside of the Tropics, due to its unique plant, farm and food traits. These have led to it being dubbed as a ‘crop for the future’ (MP4 152,096 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aryo Feldman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wai Kuan Ho
    • 2
  • Festo Massawe
    • 3
  • Sean Mayes
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Crops For the FutureSemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Crops For the FutureUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  4. 4.Crop Genetics, South Labs, Plant and Crop Sciences, Biosciences, Sutton Bonington CampusUniversity of NottinghamLeicestershireUK
  5. 5.Biotechnology, Breeding and Seed SystemsCrops For the FutureSemenyihMalaysia

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