Advertisement

The Current State of the Arctic Basin Study

  • Georgy P. Avetisov
  • Victor V. Butsenko
  • Andrey A. Chernykh
  • Yury G. Firsov
  • Vladimir Yu. Glebovsky
  • Evgeny A. Gusev
  • Artem A. Kireev
  • Alexey A. Krylov
  • Anna G. Zinchenko
Chapter

Abstract

The chronology of investigations and geomorphological analysis of the underwater terrain in the abyssal parts of the Arctic Ocean is presented. History of airborne and ship-borne gravity and magnetic surveys is accompanied by the detail technical, quantitative and qualitative analysis of existing datasets and regional potential fields anomalies maps.

The up-to date location maps show the MCS seismic coverage grid inside the Arctic Basin. The important geological structures are highlighted by detail fragments of both TWT and depth converted interpreted seismic sections. The composite velocity models calculated from DSS data along regional geotraverses are also present.

The progress of the seismological observations over several decades presents a telling picture of distribution of hypocenters and focal mechanisms of the modern seismicity related to the mid-ocean spreading zone and its continuation onto the Laptev Sea shelf.

The results of the Arctic Basin deep water seafloor sampling and drilling provide additional input to our knowledge base.

Keywords

Arctic Basin Morphology Gravity Magnetic anomalies MCS DSS Seismology Sampling and drilling 

References

  1. Adler RA, Polyak L, Ortiz JD et al (2009) Sediments record from the western Arctic Ocean with an improvement late quaternary age resolution: HOTRAX core HLY0503-8JPC, Mendeleev ridge. Glob Planet Change J 68:18–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alexeev SP, Kostenich AV, Starov KG et al (2012) Continental foot of the Arctic Basin. Arktika: Ekologiya i Ekonomika [The Arctic: Ecology and Economy] 1(5):82–91. in RussianGoogle Scholar
  3. Andersen OB, Knudsen P, Kenyon S et al (2014) Global and Arctic marine gravity field from recent satellite altimetry. 76th EAGE conference extended abstractsGoogle Scholar
  4. Andronikov A, Mukasa S, Mayer LA et al (2008) First recovery of submarine basalts from the Chukchi borderland and Alpha. Eos Trans AGU 89(53.) Abstract V41D-2124Google Scholar
  5. Assinovskaya BA (1994) Barents Sea seismicity. RAN, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  6. Atlas of the Oceans (1980) The Arctic Ocean. GUGK, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  7. Avetisov GP (1971) Seismic regionalization of Frants-Joseph Archipelago. Geol Expr Arctic J 6:28–134Google Scholar
  8. Avetisov GP (1975) The Laptev Sea seismicity in relation to the seismicity of the Eurasian Basin. Tectonics Arctic J 1:31–36Google Scholar
  9. Avetisov GP (1993a) Geodynamics of seismic zones of the Arctic region. J Geology Homel 10:52–62Google Scholar
  10. Avetisov GP (1993b) Some aspects of lithospheric dynamics of Laptev Sea (English translation). J Phys Solid Earth 29(5):402–412Google Scholar
  11. Avetisov GP (1996) Seismic zones of the Arctic. VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  12. Avetisov GP (1999) Geodynamics of the zone of continental continuation of Mid-Arctic earthquakes belt (Laptev Sea). Phys Earth and Planet Inter J 114:59–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Avetisov GP (2000) More about the Laptev Sea earthquakes. Geol Geophys Arctic Region Lithos J 3:104–114Google Scholar
  14. Avetisov GP (2002) Lithospheric plates boundaries of the Laptev Sea shelf. Doklady RAN J 385(6):793–796. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Avetisov GP, Golubkov VS (1971) Tectonic-seismic regionalization of Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas. Geology and mineral deposits of the Northern Siberia, NIIGA Leningrad, p 66–73Google Scholar
  16. Backman J, Moran K et al (2006) Sites M0001-M0004. Expedition 302 Scientists. Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program 302, p 169Google Scholar
  17. Basham PW, Forsyth DA, Wetmiller RJ (1977) The seismicity of Northern Canaga. Can J Earth Sci 14:1646–1667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bowin C, Warsi W, Milligan J (1982) Free-air gravity anomaly atlas of the world. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Geological Society of America Map and Chart Series MC-46Google Scholar
  19. Brozena JM, Childers VA, Daniel ED (1999) New compilation of potential field and bathymetry maps on the basis of joint digital processing of US and RF data sets in the high seas Arctic. Eos Trans American Geophysical Union Boston, S193Google Scholar
  20. Brozena JM, Childers VA, Lawver LA et al (2003) New aerogeophysical study of the Eurasia Basin and Lomonosov ridge: implications for basin development. Geol J 31(9):825–828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bruvoll V, Kristoffersen Y, Coakley B et al (2010) Hemipelagic deposits on the Mendeleev and northwestern alpha submarine ridges an the Arctic Ocean: acoustic stratigraphy, depositional environment and an inter-ridge correlation calibrated by ACEX results. Mar Geophys Res J 31:149–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bruvoll V, Kristoffersen Y, Coakley B et al (2012) The nature of the acoustic basement on Mendeleev and northwestern alpha ridges, Arctic Ocean. Tectonophysics J 514:123–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Bungum H, Mitchell BJ, Kristoffersen Y (1982) Concentrated earthquake zones in Svalbard. Tectonophysics J 82:175–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Canadian Hydrographic Service (1979) General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO). Sheet 5.17: scale 1 : 6 000 000. Canadian Hydrographic Service, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  25. Central Arctic Basin, the Map (2002) Scale 1:2500000 (at 75°N). GUNiO MO RF Saint Petersburg, №91115Google Scholar
  26. Chan WW, Mitchell BJ (1985) Intraplate earthquakes in Northern Svalbard. Tectonophysics J 114:181–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chernykh AA, Glebovsky VY, Korneva MS et al (2015) “Microleveling” – modern technology for balancing traverses of areal geophysical surveys. Geophys J 4:40–46Google Scholar
  28. Christensen AN, Andersen OB (2015) Comparison of satellite altimeter-derived gravity data and marine gravity data. 77th EAGE Conference and ExhibitionGoogle Scholar
  29. Christensen AN, Andersen OB (2016) Comparison of satellite altimetric gravity and ship-borne gravity offshore Western Australia. 25th ASEG Conference and ExhibitionCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Coakley BJ, Cochran JR (1998) Gravity evidence of very thin crust at the Gakkel Ridge (Arctic Ocean). Earth Planet Sci Lett J 162:81–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Coakley BJ, Cochran J, Edwards M (1999) Internal structure of the Lomonosov ridge and location of the continent-ocean boundary from SCICEX data. Eos, Trans. AGU. San Francisco 80(48):F998Google Scholar
  32. Coles RL, Hannaford W, Haines GV (1978) Magnetic anomalies and the evolution of the Arctic. Arctic geophysical review. Earth Phys 45:51–66Google Scholar
  33. Dibner VD, Gakkel YaYa, Litvin VM et al (1965) Geomorphological map of the Arctic Ocean. NIIGA Trans 143Google Scholar
  34. Diets RS, Shumway G (1961) Arctic basin geomorphology. Geol Soc Am Bull J 72(9):1319–1330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Døssing A, Jackson HR, Matzka J et al (2013) On the origin of the Amerasia Basin and the high Arctic large Igneous Province (results of new aeromagnetic data). Earth Planet Sci Lett J 363:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Døssing A, Hansen TM, Olesen AV et al (2014) Gravity inversion predicts the nature of the Amundsen basin and its continental borderlands near Greenland. Earth Planet Sci Lett J 408:132–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Dove D, Coakley B, Hopper J et al (2010) HLY0503 geophysics team. Bathymetry, controlled source seismic and gravity observations of the Mendeleev ridge; implications for ridge structure, origin, and regional tectonics. Geophys J Int 183(2):481–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Explanatory notes to the Arctic Basin maps: Orographic map of the Arctic Basin (1999) The Arctic ocean seafloor topography (Text) Saint Petersburg, p 39Google Scholar
  39. Forsberg R, Olesen AV, Keller K (2001) Airborne gravity survey of the North Greenland continental shelf. IAG proceedings volume of Gravity Geoid and Geodynamics conference Banff 2000, 123:235–240Google Scholar
  40. Fridman BS (2007) Hydrographic and topographic investigations related to delineation of the exterior boundary of the Russian continental shelf in the Arctic Basin. NAUKA, Saint PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  41. Funck T, Jackson H et al (2011) The crustal structure of the alpha ridge at the transition to the Canadian polar margin: results from a seismic refraction experiment. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 116(B12):26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gaina C, Werner S, Saltus R et al (2011) The CAMP-GM grouP. Circum-Arctic mapping project: new magnetic and gravity anomaly maps of the Arctic. In: Spencer AM (ed) Arctic petroleum geology, vol 35. Geological Society, London, pp 39–48Google Scholar
  43. Gakkel YY (1957) Science and development of the Arctic. Morskoi Transport, LeningradGoogle Scholar
  44. Gakkel YaYa (1959) IGY in the Arctic. Nauka I Zhizn’ J 1:23–26. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  45. Gakkel YY (1960) Research and development of the Arctic regions. Collected papers «Sov.Geografia». Geografgiz, Moscow, pp 420–437Google Scholar
  46. Gakkel YaYa, Belov NA, Dibner VD et al (1968a) Morphostructure and seafloor sediments of the Arctic Basin. Trans AANII 285:15–27Google Scholar
  47. Gakkel YaYa, Dibner VD, Litvin MV (1968b) Principle features of endogenic geomorphology and tectonics of the Atlantic-Arctic province of the Arctic Ocean. Trans AANII 285:28–36Google Scholar
  48. Gardner JV, Mayer LA, Larry A (2008) From the Arctic to the tropics: the U. S. UNCLOS bathymetric mapping program. Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping, p 422Google Scholar
  49. Geology of the USSR and Distribution of Mineral Deposits. The Arctic seas (1984) (red Gramberg IS, Pogrebitsky UE) NEDRA, Leningrad, 9:p 270Google Scholar
  50. Geomorphological Aspects of the Russian Continental Shelf Exterior Boundary in the Arctic (2005) In: Naryshkin GD (ed) p 58. GUNIO MO RF, Saint PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  51. Glebovsky VY, Kovacs LC (1993) The adjustment of aeromagnetic data in the deep Amerasian Basin for mapping and geological interpretation. Zonenshain Memorial Conf. on Plate Tectonics, Moscow, p 62Google Scholar
  52. Glebovsky VY, Kovacs LC, Maschenkov SP et al (1998) Joint compilation of Russian and US navy aeromagnetic data in the Central Arctic Seas. J Polarforshung 68:35–40. erschienen 2000Google Scholar
  53. Glebovsky VY, Zai’onchek AV, Kaminsky VD et al (2002) Digital databases and the Arctic Ocean potential fields maps. In: The Russian Arctic: geological history, mineralogy, geoecology. VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint Petersburg, pp 134–141Google Scholar
  54. Glebovsky VY, Verba VV, Kaminsky VD (2008) Potential fields of the Arctic Basin: history of investigations, older analog and modern digital compilations. In: 60 years in the Arctic, Antarctic and World Ocean. VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint Petersburg, pp 93–110Google Scholar
  55. Glebovsky VY, Chernykh AA, Kaminsky VD et al (2012) Structural-tectonic regionalization of potential fields in the Arctic Ocean for the latest compilation of circumpolar tectonic map of the Arctic. In: Collected articles. Geology and geophysics of the Arctic region lithosphere, vol 8. VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint Petersburg, pp 20–29Google Scholar
  56. Gramberg IS, Demenitskaya RM, Sekretov SB (1990) The rift grabens of the Laptec Sea Sheld as amoissing link of the Gakkel–Moma Rifts. ReP.AN. SSSR 311(3):689–694Google Scholar
  57. Grantz A, May SD, Taylor PT et al (1990) Canada Basin. In: Grantz A, Johnson L, Sweeney J (eds) The geology of North America. The Arctic Ocean region. Geological Society of America, Boulder, pp 379–402Google Scholar
  58. Grantz A, Pease VL, Willard DA et al (2001) Bedrock cores from 89° North: implications for the geologic framework and Neogene paleooceanology of the Lomonosov ridge and a tie to the Barents shelf. Geol Soc Am Bull 113(10):1272–1284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Grantz A, Hart PE, Childers VA (2011) Geology and tectonic development of the Amerasia and Canada basins, Arctic Ocean. Geol Soc Lond Mem 35:771–800Google Scholar
  60. Gusev EA, Maksimov FE, Kuznetsov VY et al (2013) Stratigraphy of bottom sediments in the Mendeleev Ridge area (Arctic Ocean). Dokl Earth Sci 450(2):602–606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Gusev EA, Lukashenko RV, Popko AO et al (2014) New information on slope structure of the Mendeleev ridge seamounts (the Arctic Ocean). Doklady RAN J 455(2):184–188Google Scholar
  62. Gusev E, Rekant P, Kaminsky V et al (2017) Morphology of seamounts at the Mendeleev rise, Arctic Ocean. Polar Res J 36:2–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Heezen BC, Ewing M (1961) The mid-oceanic ridge and its extension through the Arctic Basin. In: Raaschm G (ed) Geology of the Arctic. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, pp 622–642Google Scholar
  64. Heezen BC, Tharp M (1971) (Bathymetric Compilers). Arctic Ocean Floor. Scale 1 : 9 757 000. National Geographic SocietyGoogle Scholar
  65. Heezen BC, Tharp M (1975) Map of the Arctic Region. World 1 : 5 000 000. American Geographical SocietyGoogle Scholar
  66. Hinz K, Block M et al (1998) Deformation of continental lithosphere on the Laptev Sea shelf, Russian Arctic. III International Conference on Arctic Margins. Celle (Germany) 12–16 October 1998Google Scholar
  67. Husebye E, Gjoystdal H, Bungum H et al (1975) The seismicity of the Norvegian and Greenland seas and adjacent continental shelf areas. Tectonophysics J 26:55–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Imaging of Underwater Terrain on Naval Maps (1973) Leningrad, GUNiO MO RF, p 162Google Scholar
  69. International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO) http://ibcao.org/
  70. Ivanova NM, Sakoulina TS, Roslov YV (2006) Deep seismic investigation across the Barents–Kara region and Novozemelskiy Fold Belt (Arctic shelf). Tectonophysics J 420:123–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Jackson HR, Forsyth DA, Johnson GL (1986) Oceanic affinities of the alpha ridge, Arctic Ocean. Mar Geophys Res J 73:237–261Google Scholar
  72. Jackson HR, Dahl-Jensen T, The LORITA working group (2010) Sedimentary and crustal structure from the Ellesmere Island and Greenland continental shelves onto the Lomonosov ridge, Arctic Ocean. Geophys J Int 182(1):11–35Google Scholar
  73. Jakobsson M (1999) First high-resolution chirp sonar profiles from the Central Arctic Ocean reveal erosion of Lomonosov ridge sediments. Mar Geol J 158:111–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Jakobsson M, Lølie R, Al-Hanbali H et al (2000) Manganese and color cycles in Arctic Ocean sediments constrain Pleistocene chronology. Geol J 28:23–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Jakobsson M, Backman J, Rudels B et al (2007) The early Miocene onset of a ventilated circulation regime in the Arctic Ocean. Nature J 447:986–990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Jakobsson M, Macnab R, Mayer L et al (2008) An improved bathymetric portrayal of the Arctic Ocean: implications for ocean modeling and geological, geophysical and oceanographic analyses. Geophys Res Lett J:35.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL033520
  77. Jakobsson M, Mayer L, Coakley B et al (2012) The International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO) Version 3.0. Geophy Res Lett 39(12):n/a–n/a. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052219Google Scholar
  78. Johnson GL, Pogrebitsky J, Macnab R (2013) Arctic structural evolution: relationship to paleoceanography. The polar oceans and their role in shaping the global environment: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 85, pp 285–294 (Copyright 1994 by the American Geophysical Union)Google Scholar
  79. Jokat W (2003) Seismic investigations along the western sector of alpha ridge, Central Arctic Ocean. Geophys J Int 152:185–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Jokat W (2005) The sedimentary structure of the Lomonosov ridge between 88°N and 80°N. Geophys J Int 163:698–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Jokat W, Micksch U (2004) Sedimentary structure of the Nansen and Amundsen basins, Arctic Ocean. Geophys Res Lett J 31:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Jokat W, Kristoffersen Y, Rasmussen TM et al (1992) ARCTIC 91:Lomonosov ridge – a double-sided continental margin. J Geol 20:887–890CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Jokat W, Weigelt E, Kristoffersen Y et al (1995) New insights into evolution of the Lomonosov ridge and the Eurasian Basin. Geophys J Int 122:378–392Google Scholar
  84. Kaban'kov VY, Andreeva IA, Ivanov VN et al (2004) The geotectonic nature of the Central Arctic morphostructures and geological implications of bottom sediments for its interpretation. Geotectonics J 38:430–442Google Scholar
  85. Kaminsky VD, Glebovsky VY, Kiselev YG et al (2000) History of geological and geophysical investigations in the Arctic Ocean and its continental margins in relation to the shelf boundary delinitaion problem. In: Geology and geomorphology of the Arctic Ocean and exterior boundary of the Russian Federation continental shelf in the Arctic Basin VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint Petersburg, pp 17–30Google Scholar
  86. Kaminsky VD, Poselov VA, Avetisov GP et al (2014) Russian Arctic Geotransects (results of geological and geophysical studies). VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint Petersburg, p 164Google Scholar
  87. Kaminsky VD, Poselov VA, Avetisov GP et al (2017) Russian Arctic Geotransects (results of geological and geophysical studies). VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint Petersburg, p 180Google Scholar
  88. Kenyon S, Forsberg R, Coakley B (2008) New gravity field for the Arctic. Eos Trans AGU 89(32):289–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Khain VE, Lobkovsky LI (2003) Continental slopes: morphology, tectonics, deep structure and resources. In: Actual problems of oceanology. Nauka, Moscow, pp 63–81Google Scholar
  90. King ER, Zietz I, Alldredge R (1966) Magnetic data on the structure of the central Arctic region. Geol Soc Am Bull J 77:619–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Kiselev YG (1979) Seafloor structure and geological evolution of the abyssal Arctic Ocean. In: Geophysical investigations of the world ocean. NIIGA, Leningrad, pp 5–13Google Scholar
  92. Kiselev YG (1986) Deep-laid geology of the Arctic Basin. NEDRA, Leningrad. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  93. Kovacs LC, Glebovsky VY (1993) Adjusting and Combining Russian and US Navy Aeromagnetic Data in the Deep Amerasian Basin. Eos Trans AGUGoogle Scholar
  94. Kovacs LC, Bernero C, Johnson GL et al (1984) Residual magnetic anomaly chart of the Arctic Ocean region. Scale 1 : 6 000 000, Map and chart series MC-53. Geological Society of America, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  95. Kovacs LC, Johnson GL, Srivastava SP et al (1987) Residual magnetic anomaly chart of the Arctic Ocean region. Scale 1 : 6 000 000, vol L. Geological Society of America, Geology of North AmericaGoogle Scholar
  96. Kovacs LC, Glebovsky VY, Maschenkov SP et al (2002) New map and grid of compiled magnetic anomalies from the Arctic Ocean. Eos Trans AGU 83(47):F 1330Google Scholar
  97. Kristoffersen Y, Mikkelsen N (2004) Scientific drilling in the Arctic Ocean and the site survey challenge: Tectonic, paleoceanographic and climatic evolution of the Polar Basin. JEODI Workshop, Copenhagen., 2003, p 85Google Scholar
  98. Kulakov YN, Dibner VD, Egiazarov BX et al (1986) Morphostructure of the Arctic Basin of the Arctic Ocean. In: Structure and history of development of the Arctic Ocean. Sevmorgeologiya, Leningrad, pp 40–53Google Scholar
  99. Kutschale H (1966) Arctic Ocean geophysical studies: the southern half of the Siberian Basin. Geophys J 31(4):683–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Langinen AE, Gee DG, Lebedeva-Ivanova NN et al (2006) Velocity structure and correlation of the sedimentary cover on the Lomonosov Ridge and in the Amerasian Basin, Arctic Ocean. IV International Conference on Arctic Margins (ICAM IV), Canada, 30 September – 3 October 2003Google Scholar
  101. Langinen A, Lebedeva-Ivanova N, Gee D et al (2009) Correlations between the Lomonosov ridge, Marvin spur and adjacent basins of the Arctic Ocean based on seismic data. Tectonophysics J 472:309–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Lastochkin AN, Naryshkin GD (1989) Orography of the Arctic Ocean. Vestnik LGY 7/2(14):45–54Google Scholar
  103. Laxon S, McAdoo D (1994) Arctic Ocean gravity field derived from ERS-I satellite altimetry. Science J 265:621–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Laxon S, McAdoo D (1998) Satellites provide new insights into polar geophysics. Eos Trans AGU 79(6):69–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Lebedeva-Ivanova N (2010) Geophysical studies bearing on the origin of the Arctic Basin. Dissertation, Acta Universitatis UpsaliensisGoogle Scholar
  106. Lebedeva-Ivanova NN, Zamansky YY (2006) Seismic profiling across the Mendeleev ridge at 82°N: evidence of continental crust. Geophys J Int 165(2):527–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Litvinova T, Glebovsky V (2008) New map and grid of compiled magnetic anomalies from the Arctic Ocean and adjacent continental part of the Russian Federation. Geophisical Research Abstracts, vol 10Google Scholar
  108. Macnab R, Verhoef J, Srivastava SP (1992) Magnetic observations from the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans. Eos TransAGU 73:123–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Mair JA, Forsyth DA (1982) Crustal structures of the Canada Basin near Alaska, the Lomonosov ridge and adjoining basins near the north pole. Tectonophysics J 89:239–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Makarova ZA (1978) Map of magnetic anomalies of the continental USSR (scale 1:2 500 000, earth normal magnetic field). VSEGEI, LeningradGoogle Scholar
  111. Maschenkov SP, Glebovsky VY, Zayonchek AV (2001) New digital compilation of Russian aeromagnetic and gravity data over the north Eurasian shelf. Polarforschung J 69:35–39Google Scholar
  112. Matzka J, Rasmussen T, Olesen A et al (2010) A new aeromagnetic survey of the north pole and the Arctic Ocean north of Greenland and Ellesmere Island. Earth Planets Space J 62(10):829–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Mayer LA, Brumley K, Andronikov A et al (2008) Resent mapping and sampling on the Chukchi Borderland and Alpha/Medeleev Ridge Complex. Eos Trans AGU 89(53.) Abstract C11C-0516Google Scholar
  114. Michael PJ, Langmuir CH, Dick HJB et al (2003) Magmatic and amagmatic seafloor generation at the ultraslowspreading Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean. J Nature 423(26):956–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Miller EL, Toro J, Gehrels G et al (2006) New insights into Arctic paleogeography and tectonics from U–Pb detrital zircon geochronology. Tectonics J 25(3)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Morozov AF, Petrov OV, Shokalsky SP et al (2013) New geological evidence justifying the nature of the continental area of the Central Arctic elevations. Reg Geo Metallog J 53:34–55Google Scholar
  117. Mosher DC, Chapman C, Shimeld J et al (2013) High Arctic marine geophysical data acquisition. Lead Edge J 32(5):524–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Mudie PJ, Stoffyn-Egli P, Van Wagoner NA (1986) Geologic constraints for tectonic models of the alpha ridge. J Geodyn 6:215–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Mühe R, Jokat W (1999) Recovery of volcanic rocks from the Alpha Ridge, Arctic Ocean: preliminary results. AGU 1999 Fall Meeting. Transaction AGU 80(№46):F1000Google Scholar
  120. Mukasa SB, Mayer LA, Brumley K et al (2012) New geochemical and 40Ar/39Ar data for the first Intraplate lavas recovered from the Arctic Ocean: bearing on the origin of the Amerasian Basin. International scientific workshop on extended continental shelf in the Arctic, New Hampshire, USA 7–8 November 2012Google Scholar
  121. Nauret F, Snow JE, Hellebrand E et al (2011) Non-peridotitic source in mid-ocean ridge melts from Lena trough, Arctic Ocean. Petrol J 52:1185–1206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. O’Brien TM, Miller EI, Benowitz JP et al (2016) Dredge samples from the Chukchi borderland: implications for paleogeographic reconstruction and tectonic evolution of the Amerasia Basin of the Arctic. Am J Sci 316:873–924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Olesen OG, Gellein J, Habrekke H et al (1997) Magnetic Anomaly Map of Norway and adjacent ocean areas. Scale 1 : 3 000 000. Geological Survey of Norway, OsloGoogle Scholar
  124. Orographic Map of the Arctic Basin (1995) [Maps] Naryshkin GD (ed) Scale 1 : 5 000 000. Helsinki, KarttakeskusGoogle Scholar
  125. Ostenso NA (1962) Geophysical investigations of the Arctic Ocean basin. Research Report University of Wisconsin Geophysical and Polar Research Center, N4, p 124Google Scholar
  126. Pogrebitsky YE (ed) (1984) The geological structure of the USSR and regularities of minerals seas of the Russian Arctic. NEDRA, Leningrad. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  127. Pogrebitsky YE, Goriachev YV, Trukhalev AI (2005) Tectonic zoning of the Central Arctic Basin. Razvedka i okhrana nedr J 6:24–27Google Scholar
  128. Polyak L, Edwards MH, Coakley BJ et al (2001) Ice shelves in the Pleistocene Arctic Ocean inferred from glaciogenic deep-sea bedforms. Nature J 410:453–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Riddihough RP, Haines GV, Hannaford W (1973) Regional magnetic anomalies of the Canadian Arctic. Can J Earth Sci 10(2):157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Schenke HW, Zarayskaya Y, Accettella D, Armstrong A, Anderson RM, Bienhoff P, Camerlenghi A, Church I, Edwards M, Gardner JV, Hall JK, Hell B, Hestvik O, Kristoffersen Y, Marcussen C, Mohammad R, Mosher D, Nghiem SV, Pedrosa MT, Travaglini PG, Weatherall P (2012) The International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO) Version 3.0. Geophys Res Lett 39(12):XXX–XXXGoogle Scholar
  131. Scordas E, Meyer K, Olsson R et al (1991) Causality between interplate (North Atlantic) and intraplate (Fennoscandia) seismicities. Tectonophysics J 185:295–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Seafloor Topography of the Arctic Ocean (1998) [Map] scale 1 : 5 000 000, stereographic projection. GUNiO MO RF. VNIIOkeangeologia, Saint PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  133. Sobczak LW (1977) Bathymetry of the Arctic Ocean north of 85°N latitude. Tectonophysics J 42:T27–T33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Sobczak LW, Sweeney JF (1978) Bathymetry of the Arctic Ocean. Arctic Geophys Rev J 45:7–14Google Scholar
  135. Sobczak LW, Hearty DB, Forsberg R et al (1990) Gravity from 64°N to the north pole. The Geological Society of America: The Arctic Ocean Region, vol LP:101–108Google Scholar
  136. Stein R, Mattheissen J, Niessen F et al (2010) Towards a better (Litho-) stratigraphy and reconstruction of quaternary Paleoenvironment in the Amerasian Basin (Arctic Ocean). Polarforschung J 79:97–121Google Scholar
  137. Stein R, Fahl K, Schreck M et al (2016) Evidence for ice-free summers in the late Miocene Central Arctic Ocean. Nat Commun 7:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Stepanov PP, Yanushevich MA (1999) Bouguer (2.67 g/cm3) Gravity Map of the USSR, scale 1 : 2 500 000. VNIIGeofizika, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  139. Sweeney JF, Weber IR, Blasco SM (1989) Continental ridges in the Arctic Ocean: Lorex contraints. Tectonophysics J 89:217–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Sykes LR, Sbar ML (1973) Intraplate earthquakes, lithospheric stresses and the driving mechanism of plate tectonics. Nature J 245:298–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Symonds PA et al (2000) Characteristics of continental margins. In: Cook PJ, Carleton CM (eds) Continental shelf limits: the scientific and legal Interface, pp 25–63Google Scholar
  142. Tarduno JA, Brinkman DB, Renne PR et al (1998) Evidence for extreme climatic warmth from late cretaceous Arctic vertebrates. Science J 282:2241–2244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Taylor PT, Kovacs LC, Vogt PR et al (1981) Detailed aeromagnetic investigation of the Arctic Basin. J Geophys Res 86:6323–6333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. The Arctic and Pacific Oceans (1985) Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian)Google Scholar
  145. The General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) http://www.gebco.net
  146. The Geological Map (2011) Scale 1:1 000 000. Series Ocean. In: U-53-56 Lomonosov Ridg. VSEGEI, Saint PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  147. Treshnikov AF (ed) (1985) Atlas of the arctic. GUGK, Moscow, p 204. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  148. Tsibulya LA, Levashkevich VG, Kremenetskaya EO (1993) Thermal flow and seismicity of the Barents-White Sea region. Geotermia seismichnykh i aseismichnykh zon. Nauka, Moscow, pp 27–32. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  149. Van Wagoner NA, Williamson MC, Robinson PT et al (1986) First samples of acoustic basement recovered from the alpha ridge, Arctic Ocean: new constraints for the origin of the ridge. Geodynamics J 6:117–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Verhoef J, Roest WR, Macnab R et al (1996) Magnetic anomalies of the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans and adjacent land areas. Geological survey of Canada. Open File 3125a:577Google Scholar
  151. Vernikovsky VA, Morozov AF, Petrov OV et al (2014) New data on the age of dolerites and basalts of Mendeleev rise (Arctic Ocean). Dokl Earth Sci 454(2):97–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Vinogradov VA, Gaponenko GI, Rusakov IM et al (1974) In: Papers L (ed) Tectonics of the East-Arctic shelf of the USSR, vol 171. NEDRA, Leningrad, p 144Google Scholar
  153. Vogt PR, Taylor PT, Kovacs LC et al (1979) Detailed aeromagnetic investigation of the Arctic Basin. J Geophys Res 84:1071–1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Weber JR (1980) Exploring the Arctic seafloor. GEOS J 9(3):2–7Google Scholar
  155. Weber JR, Jackson HR (1985) CESAR bathymetry. In: Jackson H (ed) Initial geological report on CESAR. The Canadian expedition to study the alpha ridge. Arctic Ocezn. Geological survey of Canada. Paper, vol 8422, pp 15–17Google Scholar
  156. Weber JR, Roots EF (1990) Geophysical and geological explorations in the Arctic Ocean region: Summory of the most important expeditions and surveys that have contributed to geophysical and geological knowledge of the Arctic Ocean. Mar Geol J 93:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Weber JR, Sweeney JF (1990) Ridges and basins in the Central Arctic Ocean. In: The geological society of America: the Arctic ocean region, vol L, pp 305–336Google Scholar
  158. Zinchenko AG (2004) Orographic zoning and general characterization of seafloor topography. In: Geology and mineral deposits of Russia. VSEGEI, Saint Petersburg 5(1)15–25Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georgy P. Avetisov
    • 1
  • Victor V. Butsenko
    • 1
  • Andrey A. Chernykh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yury G. Firsov
    • 1
  • Vladimir Yu. Glebovsky
    • 1
  • Evgeny A. Gusev
    • 1
  • Artem A. Kireev
    • 1
  • Alexey A. Krylov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anna G. Zinchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Russian Research Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean (VNIIOkeangeologia)Saint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Saint Petersburg UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations