Indoor Location Using Bluetooth Low Energy Beacons

  • Ana Gomes
  • André Pinto
  • Christophe Soares
  • José M. Torres
  • Pedro Sobral
  • Rui S. Moreira
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 746)


Location data plays an important role in several applications embedded in our digital living. These applications, usually, take advantage of Global Positioning System (GPS). However, GPS is not targeted for indoor location, therefore this paper presents an alternative system, based on Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons that together with bluetooth-enabled Smartphones, allows the development of low cost and accurate location-aware applications for indoor scenarios. The paper describes the challenges associated with the system deployment and presents algorithms to improve the distance estimation process as the user moves around the smart space. The evaluation performed shows that this approach has good results on noise reduction and movement adaptation allowing a close tracking of the indoor user position.


Bluetooth Low Energy Indoor location Beacon RSSI Fitting Calibration 



This work was partially funded by project QVida +: Estimação Contínua de Qualidade de Vida para Auxílio Eficaz à Decisã Clínica, NORTE-01-0247 - FEDER-003446, supported by Norte Portugal Regional Operational Programe (NORTE 2020), under the PORTUGAL 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the strategic project LIACC (PEst-UID/CEC/00027/2013) and by Fundação Ensino e Cultura Fernando Pessoa.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Gomes
    • 1
  • André Pinto
    • 1
  • Christophe Soares
    • 1
    • 2
  • José M. Torres
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pedro Sobral
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rui S. Moreira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.ISUS UnitUniversidade Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal
  2. 2.LIACCUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.INESCTECPortoPortugal

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