Rethinking the Alternative Benchmark Regime in WTO Anti-Subsidy Law

  • Sophia Müller
Part of the European Yearbook of International Economic Law book series (EUROYEAR, volume 4)


In the light of current legality deficits and, in particular, the WTO’s crumbling legitimacy, rethinking the alternative benchmark regime in WTO anti-subsidy law is essential. The study will contribute hereto in this chapter by presenting a reform proposal for WTO anti-subsidy law that addresses the most pressing substantive issues in the use of alternative benchmark methodologies in NMES (Sect. 6.1). Consequently, it deals with the question of implementation (Sect. 6.2) and concludes with a draft reform proposal for an alternative benchmark regime for NMES in general WTO anti-subsidy law (Sect. 6.3).


Alternative Benchmark Countervailing Duties Appellate Body Report Baseline Market Canada Renewable Energy 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia Müller
    • 1
  1. 1.FrankfurtGermany

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