Construction of a Repertoire of Analog Form-Finding Techniques as a Basis for Computational Morphological Exploration in Design and Architecture

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10783)


The article describes the process of constructing a repertoire of analog form-finding techniques, which can be used in evolutionary computation to (i) compare the techniques among them and select the most suitable for a project, (ii) to explore forms or shapes in an analog and/or manual way, (iii) as a basis for the development of algorithms in specialized software, (iv) or to understand the physical processes and mathematical procedures of the techniques. To our knowledge no one has built a repertoire of this nature, since all the techniques are in sources of diverse disciplines. Methodologically, the construction process was based on a systematic review of the literature, allowing us to identify 33 techniques where the principles of bio-inspiration and self-organization are evident, characteristics both of form-finding strategies. As a result, we present the repertoire structure, composed of five groups of techniques sharing similar physical processes: inflate, group, de-construct, stress, solidify and fold. Subsequently, the repertoire’s conceptual, mathematical, and graphical analysis categories are presented. Finally, conclusions of potential applications and research trends of the subject are presented.


Form-finding Morphogenetic design Bio-inspiration Form generation Generative design 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad EAFIT/Universidad Pontificia BolivarianaMedellínColombia
  2. 2.Universidad EAFITMedellínColombia

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