Montesquieu and Islam: An Overview
The subject of Islam presents a particularly broad and difficult array of problems in the cultural and intellectual history of the Modern era. Scholarly literature has frequently dwelt on these issues, and especially now in relation to the tensions in the contemporary world. This has triggered lively interest both in terms of specific studies as well as general reconstructions. The complexity of the problem is directly linked not only to its many theoretical implications. In the first place, there is the antagonism towards a religion traditionally viewed as Christianity’s main adversary, and then there is the real history of relationships, interactions, economic and social practices and customs which cannot be categorized on the level of linear consequentiality with respect to religious or philosophical positions, but offer a much more varied and complex panorama of relations, contacts and experiences.