Considerations and Conversations in the Neighborhood of Protest

Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, the text concludes with commentary on the analyses, presented in Chapters 3–6, of the performatives of protest in regard to their differing ways of fulfilling the renovated felicity conditions, introduced in Chapter 2. The analyses are compared and contrasted regarding their fulfillment of the presuppositional conditions regarding convention, circumstance, words, persons, effects, and positionings, as well as the aspirational conditions of thoughts, intention, risk, commitment, and subsequent actions. Questions of identity in terms of convocativity as well as how these speech acts attain pragmatic legitimacy through the fulfillment of the felicity conditions are also reviewed. The book closes with a consideration of questions concerning the relationship between emerging technologies and protest. These questions include: Is it possible now to have a meta-narrative of grassroots activism? What does Marshal McLuhan’s dictum, “The medium is the message” mean today? What are the emerging relationships between physical public space and virtual public space? What are the dark sides of the burgeoning use of social media in an era of increased state surveillance of those same media?

Works Cited

  1. Althusser, L. (2001). Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays (B. Brewster, Trans.). New York: Monthly Review.Google Scholar
  2. Andrews, L. (2012). I Know Who You Are and I Saw What You Did: Social Networks and the Death of Privacy. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  3. Arendt, H. (1998). The Human Condition (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Austin, J. (1975/1994). How to Do Things with Words (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bakhtin, M. (1981). The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays by M.M. Bakhtin (M. Holquist, Ed., & C. Emerson & M. Holquist, Trans.). Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  6. Beaumont, P. (2013, June 22). Global Protest Grows as Citizens Lose Faith in Politics and the State. The Guardian. Retrieved March 22, 2015, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/22/urban-protest-changing-global-social-network.
  7. Benjamin, W. (1966). Das Kuntswerk im Zeitalter Seiner Technischen Reproduzierbarkeit. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  8. Blandiana, A. (n.d.). Ana Blandiana Poeta. Eseista. Romancier. Romania. Ana Blandiana. Retrieved October 28, 2014, from www.anablandiana.eu.
  9. Bressler, C. E. (2007). Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  10. Center for Disease Control. (2008). Electronic Media and Youth Violence: A CDC Issue Brief for Educators and Care Givers. Center for Disease Control. Retrieved April 6, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/ea-brief-a.pdf.
  11. Chrisafis, A., Fickling, D., Henley, J., Hooper, J., Tremlett, G., Arie, S., & McGreal, C. (2003, February 16). Millions Worldwide Rally for Peace. The Guardian. Retrieved March 22, 2015, from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/feb/17/politics.uk.
  12. Coleman, G. (2014). Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  13. Comunidades Linguistica Maya K’iche’. (2012, October 6). Comunidades Linguistica May K’iche’ Local Business. Facebook. Retrieved March 31, 2015, from https://www.facebook.com/pages/Comunidades-Linguistica-Maya-Kiche/149498801784472.
  14. Duffy, C. A. (2009, August 6). Poems for the Last of WWI. BBC Today. Retrieved March 30, 2015, from http://www.news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8175000/8175790.stm.
  15. Electronic Frontier Foundation. (2014, August 15). EFF Cell Phone Security Guide for US Protesters. Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from https://supporters.eff.org/civicrm/mailing/view?reset=1&id=739.
  16. Farley, E. (1996). Deep Symbols: Their Postmodern Effacement and Reclamation. Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International.Google Scholar
  17. Farley, W. (2005). The Wounding and Healing of Desire: Weaving Heaven and Earth. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.Google Scholar
  18. Fish, S. (1980). Is There a Text in This Class? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Foucault, M. (1979). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (A. Sheridan, Trans.). New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  20. Frith, S. (1998). Performing Rites: Evaluating Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Gergen, K. (1991). The Saturated Self: Dilemmas of Identity in Contemporary Life. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  22. Government of Totonicapán. (2012, October 5). Pronunciamiento Publico Urgente. Associacio d’ Amistat amb el Poble de Guatemala. Retrieved March 31, 2015, from http://www.aapguatemala.org/02_documents/html_2012/PronunciamientoTotonicapan051012.pdf.
  23. Guatemala Human Rights Commission. (2011). Home page. Guatemala Human Rights Commission. Retrieved March 19, 2015, from http://www.ghrc-usa.org/#sthash.SzRk8LxK.dpuf.
  24. Guzman-Concha, C. (2012). The Students’ Rebellion in Chile: Occupy Protest or Classic Social Movement. Social Movement Studies, 11(3–4), 408–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Harcourt, B. (2012). Political Disobedience. InOccupy: Three Inquiries in Disobedience (pp. 45–91). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  26. Heidegger, M. (1996). Sein und Zeit [Being and Time] (J. Stambaugh, Trans.). Albany: State University of New York.Google Scholar
  27. Karges, C. (Composer). (1983). 99 Luftabllons [Nena, Performer]. On Nena. West Berlin, West Germany: Epic Records.Google Scholar
  28. Kennedy, R. F. (1968, March 18). RFK Speeches. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved March 31, 2015, from http://www.jfklibrary.org/Research/Research-Aids/Ready-Reference/RFK-Speeches/Remarks-of-Robert-F-Kennedy-at-the-University-of-Kansas-March-18-1969.aspx.
  29. Levy, B. H. (2008). Left in Dark Times: A Stand Against the New Barbarism (B. Moser, Trans.). New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  30. Lyotard, J. F. (1984). The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. (G. B. Massumi, Trans.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  31. Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1976). Collected Works Volume 5. New York: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
  32. Mason, P. (2012). Why Its Kicking Off Everywhere: The New Global Revolutions. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  33. McAlea, K. (Composer). (1984). 99 Red Balloons [Nena, Performer]. On Nena. London, UK: Epic Records.Google Scholar
  34. McCracken, H. (n.d.). What I Know Bout Twitter 2009. Retrieved February 2011, from http://technologizer.com/2009/03/15/what-i-know-about-twitter/.
  35. McLuhan, M. (n.d.). The Medium Is the Message. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. 1964. Retrieved March 22, 2015, from web.mit.edu/allanmc/www.mcluhan.mediummessage.pdf.
  36. Miller, J. H. (2007). Performativity as Performance/Performativity as Speech Act: Derrida’s Special Theory of Performativity. South Atlantic Quarterly, 106(2), 219–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mitchell, W. (2012). Image, Space, Revolution. In Occupy: Three Inquiries in Disobedience (pp. 93–130). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  38. Mitchell, W. (2013). Preface. In Occupy: Three Inquiries into Disobedience (pp. vii–xv). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  39. National Science Foundation. (2011). Defining a Cyberbully. Discoveries. Retrieved April 6, 2015, from http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=121847.
  40. Owen, W. (1984). The Complete Poems and Fragments, by Wilfred Owen (J. Stallworthy, Ed.). New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  41. Pirate Parties International. (n.d.). Home. Pirate Parties International. Retrieved November 13, 2016, from https://pp-international.net.
  42. Robb, D. (2007). Narrative Role-Play as Communication Strategy in German Protest Song. In D. Robb (Ed.), Protest Song in East and West Germany since the 1960s (pp. 67–96). Rochester, NY: Camden House.Google Scholar
  43. Sands, B. (2013, September 9). Prison Diary. Bobby Sands Trust. Retrieved September 9, 2013, from http://www.bobbysandstrust.com/writings/prison-diary.
  44. Seeger, P., & Reiser, B. (1989). Everybody Says Freedom. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  45. Sheets, C. A. (2013, June 4). What Is Capuling? ‘Everyday I’m Capuling’ Turkish Protest Video Goes Viral. International Business Times. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from http://www.ibtimes.com/what-capuling-everyday-im-capuling-turkish-protest-video-goes-viral-1291541.
  46. Sing Out! (n.d.). Peoples Songs Bulletin. Sing Out! Sharing Songs for More than 60 Years! Retrieved December 31, 2014, from http://singout.org/ps-archive/.
  47. Snowden, E. (2014, July 18). Edward Snowden Interview Transcript. The Guardian. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/18/-sp-edward-snowden-nsa-whistleblower-interview-transcript.
  48. Tarrow, S. (2011). Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics (3rd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Taussig, M. (2013). I’m so Angry I Made a Sign. In W. Mitchell, B. E. Harcourt, & M. Taussig (Eds.), Occupy: Three Inquiries in Disobedience (pp. 3–44). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  50. Tolkien, J. (1994). The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. New York: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  51. United Farm Workers of America. (n.d.). History of Si Se Puede. United Farm Workers of America. Retrieved April 6, 2015, from http://www.ufw.org/_board.php?mode=view&b_code=cc_his_research&b_no=5970.
  52. United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2013). Cyberbullying: What Is It? U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved April 6, 2015, from http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it/.
  53. Walgrave, S., & Rucht, D. (Eds.). (2010). The World Says No to War: Demonstrations Against the War in Iraq. St. Paul: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  54. Williams, N., & Krassimira T. (2013, June 13). Turkish Voices Back Erdogan Against Protests. BBC News Europe. Retrieved November 17, 2014, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-22861286.
  55. Zappavigna, M. (2012). Discourse of Twitter and Social Media. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of English and Communication StudiesSt. Mary’s University, TexasSan AntonioUSA

Personalised recommendations