Whereas doping and match-fixing scandals dominate sports broadcasting, and scandals in international sport organisations like FIFA and the IOC are the subject of articles in both yellow press and quality newspapers, very little discussion on multiple club ownerships is going on. And even in academia only a very few publications dealing with the topic can be found. Exceptions are, e.g. represented by Weiler (Mehrfachbeteiligungen an Sportkapitalgesellschaften, 2006) using a judicial setting to discuss potential disadvantages or threats of multi-club ownership situations, Lammert et al. (Sport und Gesellschaft, 6(3): 202–233, 2009) analyse standing orders in German professional football, and Breuer and Kaiser (Critical issues in global sport management. London and New York, S. 64–76, 2017) focus attention on multi-club ownerships as one of several categories of manipulation in professional sports.
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