Population: Notions, Theories and Policies

  • Jo. M. Martins
  • Fei Guo
  • David A. Swanson


Diverse views on population have been expressed throughout the ages. Far back in history, Confucius is known to have been concerned with population growth and loss of productivity and Greek philosophers with concepts of optimum population and social welfare. Some thinkers were concerned with numbers and density of human population in relation to their environment, their position in the food chain, and availability of subsistence resources (Cragg and Pirie 1955; Coleman 1985; Yusuf et al. 2014). Some views involve a wider general scope and interest that deal with past and future development of the world’s society, while others tend to focus more on demographic factors.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marketing and ManagementMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of California RiversideRiversideUSA

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