On the Use of van der Pauw Technique to Monitor Skin Burning in Patients Undergoing Interferential Current Therapy (IFC) with Extension to Other E-Stim Monitoring

  • Lawrence V. Hmurcik
  • Sarosh Patel
  • Navarun Gupta
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 738)


Interferential Current (IFC) therapy is routinely used on patients in order to reduce pain, to speed up the healing of wounds in muscles, and to strengthen muscles and bodily structure. The van der Pauw (vdP) technique is a process used to measure a material’s sheet resistance when the material has a geometric shape that has a uniform thickness, but whose other two dimensions are arbitrary. By combining these techniques, the skin’s sheet resistance can be measured before, after, and during IFC therapy, and this will show a disturbance in skin sheet resistance caused by accidental burning. This technique can also be extended to monitoring TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) and other types of e-stim monitoring.


Interferential current van der Pauw Skin resistance Electrical burns 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence V. Hmurcik
    • 1
  • Sarosh Patel
    • 1
  • Navarun Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of BridgeportBridgeportUSA

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