Advertisement

The Ladies’ Peace Revisited: Gender, Counsel and Diplomacy

  • Catherine FletcherEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Queenship and Power book series (QAP)

Abstract

The 1529 Treaty of Cambrai, known as the “Ladies’ Peace”, is a rare example of a treaty negotiated by women. This chapter revisits it in light of evidence from the earlier careers of the protagonists Margaret of Austria (aunt of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V) and Louise of Savoy (mother of Francis I of France). It draws new conclusions about the ways that royal women might deploy gendered rhetorical strategies in their provision of counsel, arguing that the construction of women as peacemakers and inexpert in military matters belies the reality of their interactions, and that a historiographical focus on gender difference risks neglecting important similarities in the way that men and women were assessed as diplomats.

Bibliography

Primary Sources

  1. Barbaro, Ermolao. ‘De Officio Legati, in Vittore Branca (ed.), Nuova collezione di testi umanistici inediti or rari XIV, 157–67. Florence: Olschki, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. Cavalcanti, Bartolomeo. Lettere edite e inedite, ed. Christina Roaf. Bologna: Commissione per i testi di lingua, 1967.Google Scholar
  3. Correspondance de l’Empereur Maximilien Ier et de Marguerite d’Autriche sa fille, Gouvernante des Pay Bas, ed. Le Glay. 2 vols, Paris: Renouard, 1839.Google Scholar
  4. Correspondance de Marguerite d’Autriche et de ses ambassadeurs à la cour de France, ed. Ghislaine De Boom. Brussels: Lamertin, 1935.Google Scholar
  5. Dolet, Étienne. ‘Étienne Dolet on the functions of the ambassador, 1541’, ed. Jesse S. Reeves. American Journal of International Law 27 (1933): 80–95.Google Scholar
  6. Granvelle, Cardinal. Papiers d’Etat du Cardinal Granvelle. 9 vols, Paris: Weiss, 1841–52.Google Scholar
  7. Hall, Edward. Hall’s Chronicle, 2 vols, London: Johnson et al, 1809.Google Scholar
  8. Lemaire de Belges, Jean. Oeuvres, ed. J. Stecher. 4 vols, Louvain, 1891.Google Scholar
  9. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII, ed. J. S. Brewer, J. Gairdner and R. H. Brodie. 22 vols, London: HMSO, 1862–1932.Google Scholar
  10. Lipsius, Justus. Sixe Bookes of Politickes. Amsterdam: Teatrum Orbis Terrarum, 1970.Google Scholar
  11. Marot, Clément. Oeuvres lyriques, ed. C. A. Mayer. London, 1964.Google Scholar
  12. Negociations diplomatiques entre la France et l’Autriche, ed. Le Glay. 2 vols, Paris, 1845.Google Scholar
  13. Sanuto, Marin. Diarii. 58 vols, Bologna: Forni, 1969–70.Google Scholar
  14. State Papers Published under the Authority of Her Majesty’s Commission: King Henry the Eighth. 11 vols, London: Record Commission, 1832–50.Google Scholar
  15. Vetera Monumenta Hibernorum et Scotorum: Historiam Illustrantia, ed. Augustinis Theiner. Rome: Typis Vaticanis, 1864.Google Scholar
  16. Wall, Thomas. The Voyage of Sir Nicholas Carewe to the Emperor Charles V in the year 1529, ed. R. J. Knecht. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press for the Roxburghe Club, 1959.Google Scholar

Secondary Literature

  1. Adams, Robyn and Rosanna Cox, eds. Diplomacy and Early Modern Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.Google Scholar
  2. Blockmans, Wim. ‘Women and Diplomacy’. In Women of Distinction, ed. Eichberger, 97–101, 2005.Google Scholar
  3. Bradshaw, Leah. ‘Political Rule, Prudence and the “Woman Question” in Aristotle’. Canadian Journal of Political Science 24 (1991): 557–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cassidy, Jennifer A (ed). Gender and Diplomacy. London: Routledge, 2017.Google Scholar
  5. Daybell, James. ‘Gender, Politics and Diplomacy: Women, News and Intelligence Networks in Elizabethan England’. In Diplomacy and Early Modern Culture. Early Modern Literature in History, ed., R Adams and R. Cox, 101–119. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Doucet, R. Étude sur le gouvernement de François I dans ses rapports avec le Parlement de Paris. 2 vols, Paris, 1921–6.Google Scholar
  7. Eichberger, Dagmar (ed.). Women of Distinction: Margaret of York, Margaret of Austria. Davidsfonds: Brepols, 2005.Google Scholar
  8. Eichberger, D. et al. ‘A cultural centre in the southern Netherlands: The court of archduchess Margaret of Austria (1480–1530) in Mechelen’. Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 118 (2003): 239–258.Google Scholar
  9. Eichberger, D. and J. Anderson. ‘Margaret of Austria’s portrait collection: Female patronage in the light of dynastic ambitions and artistic quality’, Renaissance Studies 10 (1996): 259–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fletcher, Catherine. Diplomacy in Renaissance Rome: The Rise of the Resident Ambassador. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. ———. Our Man in Rome: Henry VIII and his Italian Ambassador. London: Bodley Head, 2012.Google Scholar
  12. Gwyn, Peter. The King’s Cardinal: The Rise and Fall of Thomas Wolsey. London: Pimlico, 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Henry-Bordeaux, Paule. Louise de Savoie: “Roi” de France. Paris: Perrin, 1971.Google Scholar
  14. Iongh, Jane de. Margaret of Austria: Regent of the Netherlands. London: Cape, 1954.Google Scholar
  15. Jacqueton, G. La politique extérieure de Louise de Savoie. Paris: Bouillon, 1892.Google Scholar
  16. James, Carolyn. ‘Women and diplomacy in Renaissance Italy’. Chapter 1 in Sluga and James, 13–29.Google Scholar
  17. Kühnel, Florian. ‘“Minister-like cleverness, understanding, and influence on affairs”: Ambassadresses in everyday business and courtly ceremonies at the turn of the eighteenth century’. Chapter 7 in Sowerby and Hemmings (unpaginated e-book).Google Scholar
  18. Lazzarini, Isabella. Communication and Conflict: Italian Diplomacy in the Early Renaissance, 1350–1520. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  19. McCarthy, Helen and James Southern. ‘Women, gender and diplomacy: A historical survey’. Chapter 1 in Cassidy, Gender and Diplomacy (unpaginated e-book).Google Scholar
  20. Martin, John Jeffries. ‘Inventing sincerity, refashioning prudence: The discovery of the individual in Renaissance Europe.’ American Historical Review 102 (1997): 1309–1342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mayer, Dorothy Moulton. The Great Regent: Louise of Savoy 1476–1531. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1966.Google Scholar
  22. Russell, J. G. Diplomats at Work: Three Renaissance Studies. Stroud: Sutton, 1992.Google Scholar
  23. Shaw, Christine and Michael Mallett. The Italian Wars 1494–1559: War, State and Society in Early Modern Europe. Harlow: Pearson, 2012.Google Scholar
  24. Sluga, Glenda and Carolyn James (eds). Women, Diplomacy and International Politics since 1500. London: Routledge, 2016.Google Scholar
  25. Sowerby, Tracey and Jan Hemmings (eds). Practices of Diplomacy in Early Modern Europe, c. 1410–1800. London: Routledge, 2017.Google Scholar
  26. Tamussino, Ursula. Margarete von Österreich: Diplomatin der Renaissance. Graz: Styria, 1995.Google Scholar
  27. Vivo, Filippo de. Information and Communication in Venice: Rethinking Early Modern Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  28. Wellman, Kathleen. ‘Louise of Savoy: The Mixed Legacy of a Powerful Mother’, Chapter 8 in Woodacre and Fleiner, 175–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Woodacre, Elena and Carey Fleiner (eds). Royal Mothers and their Ruling Children. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Swansea UniversitySwanseaUK

Personalised recommendations