Between Kings and Emperors: Catherine of Aragon as Counsellor and Mediator
- 286 Downloads
Catherine of Aragon is often seen as loyal to her Spanish dynasty at all costs, but that loyalty has been over-emphasized by historians focused on the divorce conflict of the 1520s and 1530s. During most of her career as queen, she successfully negotiated her loyalties to both her marital and natal dynasties. Catherine was intimately involved in Anglo-Spanish diplomacy before she married Henry VIII, becoming her father Ferdinand’s accredited ambassador to the English court in 1507. When she became queen of England in 1509, Catherine continued to support the Anglo-Spanish alliance, but she did not blindly advocate for Spanish diplomatic objectives. Catherine used a traditional queenly mode of influence—mediation—to preserve the English and Spanish alliance her marriage had cemented.
- Adams, Robyn, and Rosanna Cox, eds. Diplomacy and Early Modern Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.Google Scholar
- Anderson, Ruth Matilda. “Spanish Dress Worn by a Queen of France.” Gazette Des Beaux Arts 98 (1981): 215–22.Google Scholar
- Attreed, Lorraine. “Gender, Patronage, and Diplomacy in the Early Career of Margaret of Austria (1480–1530).” Mediterranean Studies 20, no. 1 (2012): 3–27. https://doi.org/10.1353/mds.2012.0004.
- Bepler, Jill. “Dynastic Positioning and Political Newsgathering: Hedwig Eleonora of Schleswig-Gottorf, Queen of Sweden, and Her Correspondence.” In Queens Consort, Cultural Transfer and European Politics, C. 1500–1800, edited by Helen Watanabe-O’Kelly and Adam Morton, 132–52. New York: Routledge, 2017.Google Scholar
- Cox-Rearick, Janet. “Power-Dressing at the Courts of Cosimo de’ Medici and François I: The ‘Moda Alla Spagnola’ of Spanish Consorts Eléonore d’Autriche and Eleonora Di Toledo.” Artibus et Historiae 30, no. 60 (2009): 39–69.Google Scholar
- Dillon, Janette. Performance and Spectacle in Hall’s Chronicle. London: Society for Theatre Research, 2002.Google Scholar
- ———. “‘Furnished with Gentlemen’: The Ambassador’s House in Sixteenth-Century Italy.” Renaissance Studies 24, no. 4 (September 2010): 518–35. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-4658.2009.00618.x.
- Giustiniani, Sebastiano. Four Years at the Court of Henry VIII. Edited by Rawdon Brown. 2 vols. London: Smith, Elder, 1854.Google Scholar
- Green, Mary Anne Everett, ed. Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies of Great Britain, from the Commencement of the Twelfth Century to the Close of the Reign of Queen Mary. Vol. 1, 3 vols. London: H. Colburn, 1846. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/hvd.32044010186450.
- Harris, Barbara J. English Aristocratic Women 1450–1550: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
- Hayward, Maria. Dress at the Court of King Henry VIII: The Wardrobe Book of the Wardrobe of the Robes Prepared by James Worsley in December 1516; Edited from MS Harley 2284, and His Inventory Prepared on 17 January 1521, Edited from Harley MS 4217, Both in the British Library. Leeds, UK: Maney Publishing, 2007.Google Scholar
- ———. “Spanish Princess or Queen of England? The Image, Identity, and Influence of Catherine of Aragon at the Courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII.” In Spanish Fashion at the Courts of Early Modern Europe, edited by José Luis Colomer and Amalia Descalzo. Confluencias. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, 2014.Google Scholar
- Hentschell, Roze. “A Question of Nation: Foreign Clothes on the English Subjects.” In Clothing Culture, 1350–1650, edited by Catherine Richardson, 49–62. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004.Google Scholar
- Hibbard, Caroline. “The Role of a Queen Consort: The Household and Court of Henrietta Maria, 1625–1642.” In Princes, Patronage, and the Nobility: The Court at the Beginning of the Modern Age, c.1450–1650, edited by Ronald G. Asch and Adolf M. Birke, 393–414. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
- Howell, Margaret. “Royal Women of England and France in the Mid-Thirteenth Century: A Gendered Perspective.” In England and Europe in the Reign of Henry III (1216–1272), edited by Bjorn K.U. Weiler and Ifor W. Rowlands, 163–82. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2002.Google Scholar
- Huneycutt, Lois L. “Intercession and the High-Medieval Queen: The Esther Topos.” In Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women, edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally-Beth Maclean, 126–46. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.Google Scholar
- Laynesmith, Joanna L. The Last Medieval Queens: English Queenship, 1445-1503. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
- Mattingly, Garrett. Renaissance Diplomacy. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1964.Google Scholar
- ———. “The Reputation of Doctor De Puebla.” The English Historical Review 55, no. 217 (1940): 27–46.Google Scholar
- Michalove, Sharon D. “Equal in Opportunity? The Education of Aristocratic Women, 1450–1550.” In Women’s Education in Early Modern Europe: A History, 1500–1800, edited by Barbara J. Whitehead. New York: Garland Publishing, 1999.Google Scholar
- Nelson, Janet L. “Medieval Queenship.” In Women in Medieval Western European Culture, edited by Linda Elizabeth Mitchell, 179–207. New York: Garland, 1999.Google Scholar
- Nelson, Karen L. “Negotiating Exile: Henrietta Maria, Elizabeth of Bohemia, and the Court of Charles I.” In “High and Mighty Queens” of Early Modern England: Realities and Representations, edited by Carole Levin, Jo Eldridge Carney, and Debra Barrett-Graves, 62–70. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.Google Scholar
- Parsons, John Carmi. “Mothers, Daughters, Marriage, Power: Some Plantagenet Evidence, 1150–1500.” In Medieval Queenship, edited by John Carmi Parsons, 63–78. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 1998.Google Scholar
- ———. “The Queen’s Intercession in Thirteenth-Century England.” In Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women, edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally-Beth Maclean, 147–77. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.Google Scholar
- Pizan, Christine de. The Treasure of the City of Ladies. Translated by Sarah Lawson. Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Books, 2003.Google Scholar
- Richardson, Catherine. “Introduction.” In Clothing Culture, 1350–1650, edited by Catherine Richardson, 1–28. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004.Google Scholar
- ———. The Field of Cloth of Gold. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
- Thomas, Andrea. “‘Dragonis Baith and Dowis Ay in Double Forme’: Women at the Court of James V, 1513–1542.” In Women in Scotland c.1100-c.1750, edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle, 83–94. East Linton, UK: Tuckwell, 1999.Google Scholar
- Tremlett, Giles. Catherine of Aragon: The Spanish Queen of Henry VIII. New York: Walker & Company, 2010.Google Scholar
- Weissberger, Barbara S. “Tanto Monta: The Catholic Monarchs’ Nuptial Fiction and the Power of Isabel I of Castile.” In The Rule of Women in Early Modern Europe, edited by Anne J. Cruz and Mihoko Suzuki, 43–63. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.Google Scholar