Multiphase Microstructure and Extended Martensitic Phase Transformation in Directionally Solidified and Heat Treated Ni44Co6Mn39Sn11 Metamagnetic Shape Memory Alloy
Directionally solidified Ni–Co–Mn–Sn alloy shows a multiphase solidification microstructure relatable primarily to the varying Co–Mn/Sn ratio. Thermal treatment at 1220 K lasting for 72 h encourages chemical homogeneity with average stoichiometry of Ni45.1Co6.2Mn37.2Sn11.5. At room temperature, despite the chemical uniformity, the as-homogenized alloy shows a multiphase microstructure with coexisting L21 austenite and 6M and 4O martensite phases. The martensite phase preferentially locates at grain boundaries. The onset of the martensitic transition temperature is estimated at 402 K, which overlaps with the Curie transition of austenite. The martensitic transition appears to initially take place at the grain boundaries and then it extends to low temperature as the volume of the grains transforms to martensite.
KeywordsMartensite Microstructure SEM TEM
The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Polish National Science Centre for Research and Development (Project number: PBS/A5/36/2013).
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