Pasifika Youth and Health Perspectives: Creative Transformation Through Smartphone Filmmaking and Digital Talanoa
Pacific people in New Zealand (NZ) have the highest rate of obesity (66%) in the world as defined by having a body mass index, BMI > 30 kg/m2, thus they experience a 30% higher incidence than the general population (33%) (Ministry of Health, Annual update of key results 2014/15: New Zealand health survey, 2015). In NZ, there is a critical need for effective, sustainable programmes that can be self-managed by indigenous communities in order to enable independent health and wellbeing and to reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Previous research programmes have shown that community-based and community-led programmes that are “fit for purpose” and relevant to the social–cultural environment are advantageous for improving the health and independent living of certain communities (Kaholokula et al. 2012b; Sinclair et al. in Annals of Behavioral Medicine: A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 45:24–32, 2013). The omnipresence of mobile, smartphone and wireless technologies provides an opportunity to explore new methods of engaging communities and sharing knowledge (Berry and Schleser 2014).
KeywordsCommunity engagement Story-making Social impact
The research team would like to thank all participants who made each workshop a supportive and fun environment. A special thanks to Juston Fenton, Pre-Sales Solution Architect at Samsung Electronics New Zealand, for providing Gear 360 for the duration of the project. We would also like to acknowledge the Health Research Council of New Zealand (YEP project) and the Massey University Research Fund (Digital Diaries project) for the research funds.
- Astin, H. S., & Astin, A. W. (Eds.). (1996). A social change model of leadership development guidebook, version III. The National Clearinghouse of Leadership Programs.Google Scholar
- Berry, M., & Schleser, M. (2014). Mobile media making in an age of smartphones. New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Brown, D. E., Hampson, S. E., Dubanoski, J. P., Murai, A. S., & Hillier, T. A. (2009). Effects of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on body composition in an admixed, multiethnic population in Hawaii. American Journal of Human Biology, 21(3), 383–388. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.20889.
- Davenport, T., & Beck, J. (2002). The attention economy: Understanding the new currency of business. Brighton: Harvard Business Press.Google Scholar
- Final, S., Tukuitonga, C., & Finau, E. (2003). Health of Pacificans in Aotearoa. Retrieved from Auckland.Google Scholar
- Foliaki, S., & Pearce, N. (2003). Prevention and control of diabetes in Pacific people. BMJ, 327(7412), 437–439. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.327.7412.437.
- Kaholokula, J. K., Grandinetti, A., Keller, S., Nacapoy, A. H., Kingi, T. K., & Mau, M. K. (2012a). Association between perceived racism and physiological stress indices in Native Hawaiians. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 27–37.Google Scholar
- Kaholokula, J. K. A., Mau, M. K., Efird, J. T., Leake, A., West, M., Palakiko, D.-M., et al. (2012b). A family and community focused lifestyle program prevents weight regain in Pacific Islanders: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Health Education & Behavior, 39(4), 386–395. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198110394174.
- Larson, K. (2015). https://www.thinkwithgoogle.com/marketing-resources/building-youtube-content-strategy-lessons-from-google-brandlab/ [accessed 1 October 2017].
- Metcalf, P., Scragg, R., Willoughby, P., Finau, S., & Tipene-Leach, D. (2000). Ethnic differences in perceptions of body size in middle-aged European, Maori, and Pacific people living in New Zealand. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 24(5), 593–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Metcalf, P., Scragg, R., Schaaf, D., Dyall, L., Black, P., & Jackson, R. (2008). Comparison of different markers of socioeconomic status with cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk factors in the diabetes, heart and health survey. The New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1269), 45–56.Google Scholar
- Milk, C. (2016). https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_milk_how_virtual_reality_can_create_the_ultimate_empathy_machine [accessed 1 October 2017].
- Ministry of Health. (2009). Key facts and statistics on obesity in New Zealand.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health. (2012a). A focus on nutrition: Key findings of the 2008/09 New Zealand adult nutrition survey. Retrieved from Wellington.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health. (2012b). A focus on Pacific nutrition: Findings from the 2008/2009 New Zealand adult nutrition survey. Retrieved from Wellington.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health. (2015). Annual update of key results 2014/15: New Zealand health survey.Google Scholar
- Moore, E., Owens, R. G., & Final, S. (2003). Health challenges of some urban Cook Island women in New Zealand. Pacific Health Dialog, 10(2), 16–26.Google Scholar
- Morrison, S. L., Vaioleti, T. M., & Vermeulen, W. (2002). Training for trainers in participatory learning in Samoa. Retrieved from Apia, Samoa.Google Scholar
- Morton, M., & Montgomery, P. (2011). Youth empowerment programmes for improving self-efficacy and self-esteem of adolescents. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 5, 79.Google Scholar
- Pine, J., & Gilmore, J. (1999). The experience economy: Work is theatre & every business a stage. Brighton: Harvard Business Press.Google Scholar
- Pollock, N. (2001). Obesity of large body size? A study in Wallis and Futuna. Pacific Health Dialog, 8(1), 119–123.Google Scholar
- Schaaf, D., Scragg, R., & Metcalf, P. (2000). Cardiovascular risk factors levels of Pacific people in a New Zealand multicultural workforce. New Zealand Medical Journal, 113(1102), 3–5.Google Scholar
- Schleser, M. (2010). Mobile-mentory mobile documentaries in the mediascape. Doctoral thesis, University of Westminster. http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/id/eprint/8877 [accessed 1 October 2017].
- Schleser, M. (2012). Collaborative mobile phone film making. In E. Milne, C. Mitchell, & N. de Lange (Eds.), Handbook of participatory video. Blue Ridge Summit, PA, USA: AltaMira Press.Google Scholar
- Schleser, M. (2013–2015). http://www.24frames24hours.org.nz/ [accessed 1 October 2017].
- Schleser, M. (2015). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Re5T1GXMVLU [accessed 1 October 2017].
- Schleser, M., Baker, C., & Kasia, M. (2009). Aesthetics of mobile media art. Journal of Media Practice—Special Issue a Decade of Media Practice: Changes, Challenges and Choices, 10(2 & 3), 100–122.Google Scholar
- Sinclair, K. I. A., Thompson, C., Makahi, E. K., Shea-Solatorio, C., Yoshimura, S. R., Townsend, C. K. M., et al. (2013). Outcomes from a diabetes self-management intervention for Native Hawaiians and Pacific People: Partners in Care. Annals of Behavioral Medicine: A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 45(1), 24–32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-012-9422-1.
- Statistics New Zealand, & Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs. (2010). Pacific progress: Demographics of New Zealand’s Pacific population. Retrieved from Wellington.Google Scholar
- Sundborn, G., Metcalf, P., Schaaf, D., Dyall, L., Gentles, D., & Jackson, R. (2006). Differences in health-related socioeconomic characteristics among Pacific populations living in Auckland, New Zealand. The New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1228), 1–11.Google Scholar
- Teevale, T. (2011). Body image and its relation to obesity for Pacific minority ethnic groups in New Zealand: A critical analyses. Pacific Health Dialog, 17(11), 33–53.Google Scholar
- Voaioleti, T. (2006). Talanoa research methodology: A developing position on Pacific research. Waikato Journal of Education, 12, 21–34.Google Scholar