The Racial State

  • Rodney D. Coates
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


The racial state is one that is intricately associated with the origins, development and apparent permanence of particularly, modern, western nation states. The racial state stipulates a specific racial hierarchy and hegemony which further determines how racial conflict and accommodation will be accomplished between specific racial groups, ideas, and institutions within the society. The president, as the chief executive officer, is often the official face and voice of the racial state. This chapter will investigate how the President of the United States has served in this capacity.


Racial state Violence Institutions President 


  1. Adichie, C. (2009). The danger of a single story. Ted Talk. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  2. Allen, T. W. (2012). The invention of the white race, Volume 2: The origin of racial oppression in Anglo-America. Brooklyn, NY: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  3. Ambrosio, T. (2002). Ethnic identity groups and U.S. foreign policy. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Arnwine, B. & Johnson-Blanco, M. (2013). Voting rights at the crossroads: The supreme court decision in shelby is the latest challenge in the “Unfinished March” to full black access to the ballot. Economic Policy Institute. Accessed October 10, 2013.
  5. Brands, H. W. (2006). Andrew Jackson: His life and times (p. 488). New York: Anchor. ISBN 978-1-4000-3072-9.Google Scholar
  6. Breen, T. H. (1973). A changing labor force and race relations in Virginia 1660–1710. Journal of Social History, 7, 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brooks, D. (2016). The danger of a single story. The New York Times. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  8. Burks, M. F. (1990). Trailblazers: Women in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In Crawford et al. (Eds.), Women in the Civil Rights Movement.Google Scholar
  9. Cazenave, N. A. (2011). The urban racial state: Managing race relations in American cities. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  10. Chen, M. (2017). Donald Trump’s Rise Has Coincided With an Explosion of Hate Groups. The Nation. Accessed April 18, 2018.
  11. DeConde, A. (1992). Ethnicity, race and American foreign policy. Lebanon, NH: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Ewing, W. A. & Guillermo, C. (2014). New Americans in the voting booth: The growing electoral power of immigrant communities. American Immigration Council. Accessed January 28, 2015.
  13. Feagin, J. R. (2014). Racist America: Roots, current realities, and future reparations. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Flanagan, M. A. (2005). Suffrage. In Encyclopedia of Chicago history. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  15. Frazier, E. F. (1949). The Negro in the United States. New York: The MacMillan Co.Google Scholar
  16. Galenson, D. (1984). The rise and fall of indentured servitude in the americas: An economic analysis. The Journal of Economic History, 44(1), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jacobson, R. (2006). Characterizing consent: Race, citizenship, and the new restrictionists. Political Research Quarterly, 59(4, December), 645–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. King, Jr, M. L. (1958). Stride toward freedom. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kimmel, M. (2014). Angry white men: American masculinity at the end of an era. New York: Nation Books.Google Scholar
  20. King, D. S., & Smith, R. M. (2008). Strange bedfellows? Polarized Politics? The quest of racial equity in contemporary America. Political Research Quarterly, 61(4, December), 687–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lind, J. (1994). Dominance and Democracy: The legacy of woman suffrage for the voting right. UCLA Women’s Law Journal, 5, 104–216. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  22. Liptak, A. (2013). Supreme court invalidates key part of voting rights act. The New York Times. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  23. Mayeri, S. (2015). Intersectionality and title VII: A brief (pre-) history. Boston University Law Review, 95, 713–731.Google Scholar
  24. Morin, R. (2016). Behind Trump’s win in rural, white America: Women joined men in backing him. Fact Tank, Pew Research Center, November 17. Accessed January 15, 2017.
  25. Omi, M., & Winant, H. (2015). Racial Formation in the United States (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Pestana, C. G. (2004). The English Atlantic in an age of revolution, 1640–1661. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Pohlmann, M., & Whisenhunt, L. V. (2002). Student’s guide to landmark congressional laws on civil rights. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  28. Reiner, R. (2017). Is Donald Trump the new Archie Bunker? NBC News. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  29. Robin et al. vs. Hardaway et al. (1772). Accessed June 30, 2017.
  30. Roediger, D. R. (2007). The wages of whiteness. New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  31. Ross, S. J. (2008). A new democratic coalition. The Washington Independent, August 22. Accessed online at URL:
  32. Salyer, L. E. (1995). Laws harsh as tigers: Chinese immigrants and the shaping of modern immigration laws. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  33. Tehranian, J. (2000). Performing whiteness: Naturalization litigation and the construction of racial identity in America. Yale Law Journal, 109(4), 817–848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Thompson, D. (2009). Racial ideas and gendered intimacies: The regulation of interracial relationships in North America. Social and Legal Studies, 18(3), 353–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tyson, A., & Shiva, M. (2016). Behind Trump’s victory: Divisions by race, gender, education. Fact Tank, Pew Research Center, November 9. Accessed June 17, 2017.
  36. Williams, D. R., & Morgfan M. M. (2017). Health Effects of Dramatic Societal Events-Ramifications of the Recent Presidential Eleciton. The New England Journal of Medicine, 376, 2295–2299. Accessed April 18, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wright, J. L. (1968). A note on the First Seminole War as seen by the Indians, Negros, and their British advisers. The Journal of Southern History, 34(4), 565–575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MiamiMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations