School and Teacher Effects

  • Stephen L. MorganEmail author
  • Daniel T. ShackelfordEmail author
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


This chapter summarizes the extant sociological literature on the interactive nature of school and teacher effects on student learning. It explains why the most recent literature on teacher sorting demands the attention of more sociologists of education, and it demonstrates what is revealed about patterns of teacher sorting using the type of data most commonly analyzed by sociologists of education. Throughout, the chapter discusses the methodological requirements of research that can and cannot disentangle teacher effects from school effects, and it considers how teacher and school effects may be evolving in the changing landscape of K–12 education in the United States.


Teacher effects Teacher sorting School climate Effective schools 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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