Smart Cities pp 207-240 | Cite as

Risks and Challenges of Adopting Electric Vehicles in Smart Cities

  • Vidyasagar Potdar
  • Saima Batool
  • Aneesh Krishna
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)


Oil prices and increased carbon emissions are two of the key issues affecting mainstream transportation globally. Hence, EVs (Electric Vehicles) are becoming popular as they do not depend on oil, and the GHG (Greenhouse Gases) do not contribute to GHG emissions. In fact, their integration with smart grids makes them even more attractive. Although EV adoption is becoming widespread, three groups of challenges need to be addressed. These challenges are associated with EV technology adoption, integration of EVs and smart grids, and the supply chain of EV raw materials. Regarding the EV technology adoption, the risks and challenges include EV battery capacity, drivers’ range anxiety, the impact of auxiliary loads, EV drivers’ behavior, EV owners’ unwillingness to participate in the V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid) program, economic barriers to adopting EVs, difficult EV maintenance, EV performance mismatch between the lab and the real world, need for government regulation, lack of charging infrastructure such as not enough charging stations, and expensive batteries. There are additional challenges concerning the integration with the smart grids such as system overload, high-cost investment in V2G technology, load mismatch, and unmanaged recharging of EV batteries. Finally, there are challenges regarding the consistent supply of the raw materials needed for EVs. This chapter examines these risks and challenges, suggests solutions and provides recommendations for future research.


Electric Vehicles EV EV adoption Smart grid EV integration V2G EV supply chain Renewable energy Power grid 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vidyasagar Potdar
    • 1
  • Saima Batool
    • 1
  • Aneesh Krishna
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Information SystemsCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of ComputingCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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