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Part of the INED Population Studies book series (INPS,volume 8)


Even before it was a project, the Trajectories and Origins (TeO) survey was a clear necessity. France, a country of immigration throughout the twentieth century, has become a multicultural society, and the diversity of origins represented in its population is unprecedented. And yet little was known about the situation of populations with an immigrant background. In public debate, they are portrayed through false representations and stereotypes. The list of anxieties and fears is long; living in segregated neighbourhoods, failing at school, and lacking national identity, the children of immigrants, it was argued, would be tempted by communautarisme. What should we think about this? Does the problem ultimately lie in the behaviours and strategies of individuals with an immigrant background, or in the way that French society responds to its growing population diversity? This book brings to the reader the main findings of an unprecedent survey on the diversity of population in France, and offers new insights on the processes of integration and discrimination.


  • Variable Population Growth
  • Communautarisme
  • Mainstream Population
  • Migration Trajectories
  • Wider Societal Debate

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  1. 1.

    The meaning of communautarisme does not translate easily in English since it is a mix of sociological and political terms. It refers to a propensity of the members of a group (be it ethnic, racial, sexual, social class, etc) to favor their membership of the group over other identities and participation, leading to a cluster of social interactions within the in-group and reducing any interactions with the out-group.

  2. 2.

    See the lexicon in Chap. 2 of this book.

  3. 3.

    See the list of publications on the TeO survey website:

  4. 4.

    Decision no. 2007–557 DC.

  5. 5.

    For a discussion on the consequences of the decision of the Constitutional Council and the associated comments, see the COMEDD report (Héran et al. 2010).

  6. 6.

    Beauchemin Cris, Hamel Christelle, Simon Patrick (2015) Trajectoires et origines. Enquête sur la diversité des populations en France, Paris, INED, 607 p. (Grandes Enquêtes)


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Simon, P., Beauchemin, C., Hamel, C. (2018). Introduction. In: Beauchemin, C., Hamel, C., Simon, P. (eds) Trajectories and Origins: Survey on the Diversity of the French Population. INED Population Studies, vol 8. Springer, Cham.

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