Accessibility and Exclusion Related to Well Being

  • Alexa Delbosc
  • Graham Currie
Part of the Applying Quality of Life Research book series (BEPR)


Contemporary research linking transport, social exclusion and well-being has developed through a number of leading studies over the last decade. In this chapter we explore these links using a review of the research literature. The chapter includes a discussion about the difference between mobility (actual travel) and accessibility (the quality of opportunities to engage in activities) and how this distinction is conceptualised in the literature on transport and well-being. The chapter will also bring together factors influencing access, social exclusion and well-being into a conceptual framework. It also introduces the question of ‘how much transport is enough’ to support social inclusion and well-being. A major aim of the work is to reflect on where research has taken us and to identify where future research needs to focus. The chapter identifies a number of gaps in existing research, including: only one project looked at the interrelationships between transport, social exclusion and well-being; very few studies explore the relationship between accessibility and well-being; very few studies explore the relationship between transport and eudemonic well-being. To date, many hypothesised links between transport, accessibility, mobility, subjective well-being and social exclusion remain unexplored, providing fertile ground for future research.


Well-being Accessibility Mobility Social exclusion Transport Quality of life Hedonic well-being Eudemonic well-being 


  1. Archer, M., Paleti, R., Konduri, K., Pendyala, R., & Bhat, C. (2013). Modeling the connection between activity-travel patterns and subjective well-being. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2382, 102–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Banister, D., & Bowling, A. (2004). Quality of life for the elderly: The transport dimension. Transport Policy, 11, 105–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergstad, C. J., Gamble, A., Hagman, O., Polk, M., Garling, T., Ettema, D., Friman, M., & Olsson, L. E. (2012). Influences of affect associated with routine out-of-home activities on subjective well-being. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 7(1), 49–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brady, M. (2000). Alcohol policy issues for indigenous people in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Contemporary Drug Problems, 27(3), 435–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Casas, I. (2007). Social exclusion and the disabled: An acessibility approach. The Professional Geographer, 59(4), 463–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Casas, I., Horner, M. W., & Weber, J. (2009). A comparison of three methods for identifying transport-based exclusion: A case study of children’s access to urban opportunities in Erie and Niagara Counties, New York. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 3(4), 227–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choi, J., Coughlin, J., & D’Ambrosio, L. (2013). Travel time and subjective well-being. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2357, 100–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Church, A., Frost, M., & Sullivan, K. (2000). Transport and social exclusion in London. Transport Policy, 7(3), 195–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cohen, S. A., & Gössling, S. (2015). A darker side of hypermobility. Environment and Planning A, 47(8), 166–1679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Currie, G., & Delbosc, A. (2010). Modelling the social and psychological impacts of transport disadvantage. Transportation, 37(6), 953–966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Currie, G., & Delbosc, A. (2011). Transport disadvantage: A review. In New perspectives and methods in transport and social exclusion research. Bingley: Emerald.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De Vos, J., Schwanen, T., Van Acker, V., & Witlox, F. (2013). Travel and subjective well-being: A focus on findings, methods and future research needs. Transport Reviews, 33(4), 421–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Delbosc, A. (2012). The role of well-being in transport policy. Transport Policy, 23(0), 25–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Delbosc, A., & Currie, G. (2011a). Exploring the relative influences of transport disadvantage and social exclusion on well-being. Transport Policy, 18(4), 555–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Delbosc, A., & Currie, G. (2011b). Piecing it together: A structural equation model of transport, social exclusion and well-being. In G. Currie (Ed.), New perspectives and methods in transport and social exclusion research. Bingley: Emerald.Google Scholar
  16. Delbosc, A., & Currie, G. (2011c). The spatial context of transport disadvantage, social exclusion and well-being. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(6), 1130–1137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Delbosc, A., & Currie, G. (2011d). Transport problems that matter – Social and psychological links to transport disadvantage. Journal of Transport Geography, 16(1), 170–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Delbosc, A., & Vella-Brodrick, D. (2015). The role of transport in supporting the autonomy of young adults. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 33, 97–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Doi, K., Kii, M., & Nakanishi, H. (2008). An integrated evaluation method of accessibility, quality of life, and social interaction. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 35(6), 1098–1116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Engels, B., & Liu, G.-J. (2011). Social exclusion, location and transport disadvantage amongst non-driving seniors in a Melbourne municipality, Australia. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(4), 984–996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ettema, D., Gärling, T., Olsson, L. E., & Friman, M. (2010). Out-of-home activities, daily travel, and subjective well-being. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 44(9), 723–732.Google Scholar
  22. Hine, J. (2004). Transport disadvantage and social exclusion in Urban Scotland. Built Environment, 30(2), 161–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hodgson, F. C., & Turner, J. (2003). Participation not consumption: The need for new participatory practices to address transport and social exclusion. Transport Policy, 10, 265–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hurni, A. (2007). Marginalised groups in Western Sydney: The experience of sole parents and unemployed young people. In G. Currie, J. Stanley, & J. Stanley (Eds.), No way to go: Transport and social disadvantage in Australian communities. Melbourne: Monash University.Google Scholar
  25. Jones, A., Steinbach, R., Roberts, H., Goodman, A., & Green, J. (2012). Rethinking passive transport: Bus fare exemptions and young people’s wellbeing. Health & Place, 18(3), 605–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Litman, T. (2017). Socially optimal transport prices and markets: Principles, strategies and impacts. Victoria: Victorian Transport Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  27. Lucas, K. (2011). Making the connections between transport disadvantage and the social exclusion of low income populations in the Tshwane Region of South Africa. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(6), 1320–1334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lucas, K. (2012). Transport and social exclusion: Where are we now? Transport Policy, 20, 105–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lucas, K., van Wee, B., & Maat, K. (2016). A method to evaluate equitable accessibility: Combining ethical theories and accessibility-based approaches. Transportation, 43(3), 473–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mokhtarian, P.L. (2015). Subjective well-being and travel: Retrospect & prospect. In International association for travel behaviour research. Windsor.Google Scholar
  31. Mollenkopf, H., Baas, S., Marcellini, F., Oswald, F., Ruoppila, I., Szeman, Z., Tacken, M., & Wahl, H.-W. (2005). Mobility and quality of life. In H. Mollenkopf, F. Marcellini, I. Ruoppila, Z. Szeman, & M. Tacken (Eds.), Enhancing mobility in later life: Personal coping, environmental resources and technical support. Amsterdam: IOS Press.Google Scholar
  32. Morris, E. A. (2015). Should we all just stay home? Travel, out-of-home activities, and life satisfaction. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 78, 519–536.Google Scholar
  33. Morris, E. A., & Guerra, E. (2015). Mood and mode: Does how we travel affect how we feel? Transportation, 42(1), 25–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Musselwhite, C., & Haddad, H. (2010). Mobility, accessibility and quality of later life. Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, 11(1), 25–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Nordbakke, S., & Schwanen, T. (2014). Well-being and mobility: A theoretical framework and literature review focusing on older people. Mobilities, 9(1), 104–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Özkazanç, S., & Sönmez, F. N. Ö. (2017). Spatial analysis of social exclusion from a transportation perspective: A case study of Ankara metropolitan area. Cities, 67, 74–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pyrialakou, V. D., Gkritza, K., & Fricker, J. D. (2016). Accessibility, mobility, and realized travel behavior: Assessing transport disadvantage from a policy perspective. Journal of Transport Geography, 51, 252–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ravulaparthy, S., Yoon, S., & Goulias, K. (2013). Linking elderly transport mobility and subjective well-being. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2382, 28–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ravulaparthy, S. K., Konduri, K. C., & Goulias, K. G. (2016). Fundamental linkages between activity time use and subjective well-being for the elderly population. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2566, 31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Reardon, L., & Abdallah, S. (2013). Well-being and transport: Taking stock and looking forward. Transport Reviews, 33(6), 634–657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Schonfelder, S., & Axhausen, K. (2003). Activity spaces: Measures of social exclusion? Transport Policy, 10, 273–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shay, E., Combs, T. S., Findley, D., Kolosna, C., Madeley, M., & Salvesen, D. (2016). Identifying transportation disadvantage: Mixed-methods analysis combining GIS mapping with qualitative data. Transport Policy, 48, 129–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shliselberg, R., & Givoni, M. (2017). Motility as a policy objective. Transport Reviews, 1–19.Google Scholar
  45. Spinney, J. E. L., Scott, D. M., & Newbold, K. B. (2009). Transport mobility benefits and quality of life: A time-use perspective of elderly Canadians. Transport Policy, 16(1), 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stanley, J. (2011a). Measuring social exclusion. In G. Currie (Ed.), New perspectives and methods in transport and social exclusion research. Bingley: Emerald.Google Scholar
  47. Stanley, J. (2011b). Social Exclusion. In G. Currie (Ed.), New perspectives and methods in transport and social exclusion research. Bingley: Emerald.Google Scholar
  48. Stanley, J., Stanley, J., Vella-Broderick, D., & Currie, G. (2010). The place of transport in facilitating social inclusion via the mediating influence of social capital. Research in Transportation Economics, 29, 280–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stanley, J. K., Hensher, D. A., Stanley, J. R., & Vella-Broderick, D. (2011). Mobility, social exclusion and well-being: Exploring the links. Transportation Research Part A, 45, 789–801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Titheridge, H., & Solomon, J. (2008). Social exclusion, accessibility and lone parents. In UK-Ireland planning research conference. Belfast.Google Scholar
  51. Vella-Brodrick, D. A., & Stanley, J. (2013). The significance of transport mobility in predicting well-being. Transport Policy, 29(0), 236–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Voas, R., & Kelley-Baker, T. (2008). Licensing teenagers: Nontraffic risks and benefits in the transition to driving status. Traffic Injury Prevention, 9, 89–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wasfi, R., Steinmetz-Wood, M., & Levinson, D. (2017). Measuring the transportation needs of people with developmental disabilities: A means to social inclusion. Disability and Health Journal, 10(2), 356–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wee, B., & Geurs, K. (2011). Discussing equity and social exclusion in accessibility evaluations. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 11(4).Google Scholar
  55. Xia, J. C., Nesbitt, J., Daley, R., Najnin, A., Litman, T., & Tiwari, S. P. (2016). A multi-dimensional view of transport-related social exclusion: A comparative study of greater perth and Sydney. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 94, 205–221.Google Scholar
  56. Xiao, R., Wang, G., & Wang, M. (2017). Social indicators research.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Monash UniversityClaytonAustralia

Personalised recommendations