Simmering to the End (January 2015–June 2016)

  • Stephan Gregory Bullard


By January 2015, the Ebola outbreak was clearly in decline. Liberia and Guinea both had falling caseloads. Sierra Leone had high case levels at the start of 2015, but soon these too began to fall. On March 5, 2015, Liberia released its last known Ebola patient. In mid-March 2015, Sierra Leone launched a new 3-day, nationwide lockdown to find and contain the last few cases. Things looked very positive. But then, in a pattern that would repeat itself in the coming months, a new case suddenly emerged in Liberia. The virus began to show an extraordinary ability to reemerge from undetected chains of transmission. It also became clear that the semen of survivors remained infectious long after the survivors had recovered. In October 2015, a frightening new twist occurred when a UK Ebola survivor developed Ebola-related meningitis almost 9 months after she had recovered from the disease. Despite numerous setbacks and flare-ups, the West African Ebola outbreak was declared officially over on January 14, 2016. Sadly, the very next day – January 15, 2016 – a new Ebola case was detected in Sierra Leone. New cases then began to emerge in Guinea and Liberia. Another round of containment and contact tracing commenced. Finally, by June 9, 2016, all of the new cases had resolved and the 2013–2016 outbreak came to an end.


Ebola Lockdown Outbreak Post-Ebola Syndrome Semen Zaire ebolavirus 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan Gregory Bullard
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hartford Hillyer CollegeWest HartfordUSA

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