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Relating Population Health Monitoring to Other Types of Health Assessments

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While population health monitoring, as presented in this book, qualifies as one key approach to using information and evidence for health policy-making, additional organized approaches are frequently used at the interface of (health) science and (health) governance. This is largely due to the fact that in public health, most of the professional activities aim to promote, protect, and restore human health. Additional purposes include the promotion of equity, sustainability, efficiency, responsiveness, and accountability of and within health systems and policies. Therefore, public health research is mostly applied, aiming to support policy-making and governance for better health both within the health sector and beyond. From this background, the science-governance interface deserves, and receives, particular attention in public health. In order to support decision-making, different kinds of policy questions are being asked here; and different health assessment approaches to answer such questions are being pursued. This chapter aims to provoke fruitful and inspiring comparisons between population health monitoring and other types of assessments. It covers definitions, goals, procedures, and methods of such assessments, in a comparative way. It outlines practical examples, describes how various assessment types relate to population health monitoring, and sketches current and future developments. The chapter is based on collaborative work carried out within the EUPHA Initiative on Health Assessments (Fehr et al. 2017).


  • Science-governance interface
  • Health needs assessment
  • Health impact assessment
  • Health technology assessment
  • Health systems performance assessment
  • Programme evaluation
  • Economic assessment

Working group members: Kristina Alexanderson, Carlo Favaretti, Rainer Fehr, Judith de Jong, Giuseppe La Torre, Tek-Ang Lim, Piedad Martín-Olmedo, Odile C.L. Mekel, Kai Michelsen, Nicole Rosenkötter, Marieke Verschuuren, Chiara de Waure and Dineke Zeegers Paget

EUPHA sections involved: Health Impact Assessment, Health Services Research, Health Technology Assessment, Public Health Economics, Public Health Epidemiology, Public Health Monitoring & Reporting, Public Health Practice and Policy

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76562-4_9
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Further Reading

  • Fehr, R., Alexanderson, K., Favaretti, C., de Jong, J., La Torre, G., Lim, T.-A., Martin-Olmedo, P., Mekel, O. C. L., Michelsen, K., Rosenkötter, N., Verschuuren, M., de Waure, C., & Zeegers Paget, D. (2017). Health assessments for health governance – Concepts and methodologies. European Journal of Public Health, 27(4), 609–616. Published online: 03 June 2017.

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  • Kemm, J. (Ed.). (2013). Health impact assessment. Past achievement, current understanding, and future progress. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

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  • Papanicolas, I., & Smith, P. C. (Eds.). (2013). Health system performance comparison. An agenda for policy, information and research, European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Series. Open University Press.

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  • Velasco, G. M., Kristensen, F. B., Palmhøj Nielsen, C., & Busse, R. (2008). Health technology assessment and health policy-making in Europe. Current status, challenges and potential. Observatory Studies Series No 14. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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Fehr, R., the EUPHA Sections working group on Health Assessments. (2019). Relating Population Health Monitoring to Other Types of Health Assessments. In: Verschuuren, M., van Oers, H. (eds) Population Health Monitoring. Springer, Cham.

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