The Western Tributaries to the Bhagirathi–Hugli River

  • Kalyan Rudra
Part of the Geography of the Physical Environment book series (GEOPHY)


The Bhagirathi–Hugli River is a branch of the Ganga which receives seven tributaries and having a combined catchment area covering 66,000 km2. These tributaries are replenished by rainwater during the four monsoon months and remain almost dry during the non-monsoon months. But the lower catchments of these rivers are plains and prone to recurrent floods. Even after embanking and building of reservoirs across many rivers, the floods have not been regulated. The Damodar which was earlier described as ‘Sorrow of Bengal’ and tamed both by embankment and dam/reservoir continues to imperil its lower catchment by recurrent floods.


  1. Bagchi K, Mukherjee KN (1979) Diagnostic Survey of Rarh Bengal. Dept. of Geography, University of Calcutta, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhattacharya K (2002) Damodar: Bandth Nirmaner Ekal O Sekal (in Bengali), (Damdar: Dam Building in Modern Times and Early Days), Pratiti; Edited by Rahul Ray. Chuchura, HugliGoogle Scholar
  3. Biswas A (1981) The Decay of Irrigation and Cropping in West Bengal (1850-1925). Cressida Trans 1(1):00001Google Scholar
  4. Biswas, A. (1988) To live with flood: the case of West Bengal. Paper presented in the international symposium on river bank erosion, flood and population displacement. Jahangir Nagar University, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  5. Chapman GP, Rudra K (2007) Water as foe, water as friend: lessons from Bengal’s millennium flood. J South Asian Development 2(1):19–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Govt. of West Bengal (1989) River Systems of West BengalGoogle Scholar
  7. Govt. of West Bengal (2011) Unpublished base paper related to the activities of the newly constituted Flood Control CommissionGoogle Scholar
  8. Rennell J (1780) A Bengal Atlas. (Rudra K, 2016) (ed). Sahaitya Samsad, KolkataGoogle Scholar
  9. Rudra K (2001) Nimno Damodar Abobahikar Bonya O Nikashi Samasya: DVC-r safalya O Byarthota (Flood and drainage problem of the lower damodar basin: success and failure of DVC). Pratiti; Edited by Rahul Ray. Chuchura, HugliGoogle Scholar
  10. Rudra K (2008) Banglar Nadikatha (in Bengali). Sahitya Samsad, KolkataGoogle Scholar
  11. Rudra K (2012) Atlas of Changing River Courses in West Bengal. Sea Explorers’ Institute, KolkataGoogle Scholar
  12. Saha M (2008) Rarh Banglar Duranto Nadi Damodar (in Bengali). Laser Art, Sreerampur, HooghlyGoogle Scholar
  13. Saha MN (1933) Need for a Hydraulic Research Laboratory. Reprinted (1987) in Collected Works of Meghnad Saha. Orient Longman, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  14. Saha MN, Ray KS (1944) ‘Planning for Damodar Valley’. Science and Culture, 10 (20) Reprinted (1987) in Collected Works of Meghnad Saha. Orient Longman, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  15. Van Leenen (1726) New map of kingdom of BengalGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment DepartmentWest Bengal Pollution Control BoardKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations