Conflicts Over Sharing the Waters of Transboundary Rivers

  • Kalyan Rudra
Part of the Geography of the Physical Environment book series (GEOPHY)


There are 54 rivers which cross the Indo-Bangladesh border, and the issue of sharing water has become increasingly important in hydro-politics of this subcontinent. The Indo-Bangladesh conflict over sharing of the Ganga water started in the 1970s when India built a barrage at Farakka to induce water towards the port of Kolkata. In 1996, both the countries agreed to share the water based on the available flow. Subsequently, the conflict over sharing of the Teesta water emerged as a new issue of the hydro-politics. In the 1990s, both India and Bangladesh embarked on water diversion projects on the Teesta River, through networks of canals and barrages built at Gajaldoba (India) and Duani (Bangladesh). Both the projects were created with unrealistic expectations, and they were inevitably faced with water shortage. The mutually acceptable solution lies in exploring a rational meeting point between the volume of water that may be withdrawn from the rivers and the flow to be allowed in the rivers to sustain the ecosystem.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment DepartmentWest Bengal Pollution Control BoardKolkataIndia

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