August Strindberg’s Art in Modernist and Occult Context
Modernism was preoccupied with expressing the inexpressible and revealing the invisible. This manifested in the art of August Strindberg, as is explored in this chapter, which focuses in particular on Strindberg’s photographs and paintings. In his artistic pursuits Strindberg aimed to reunite science and religion, a goal often pursued by early modernist authors and artists. Essential to this process was the psychological theorization of the unconscious taking place in the late nineteenth century, which provided models of the human mind as multiple and fragmented. The chapter investigates how Strindberg’s art suggests an interaction between the unconscious mind and extrasensory reality, as well as between subjectivity and nature, the subjective and objective dimensions of art, and the materiality and spiritual dimension of an art work.