A History of Research into Occult Modernist Literature
This chapter traces the history of research into the relationship between occultism and literary modernism in Europe. Earlier scholarship on this topic has failed to fully appreciate the extent of the interactions between occultism and modernism. This overview of scholarship is divided into three periods or ‘generations’, and identifies how the various limitations of these generations can be used to refine our current understanding of occultism and modernism. Suggesting that today’s academics have a responsibility to learn from the successes and failures of the past, the chapter outlines how a new ‘generation’, at once comparative, interdisciplinary and multilingual, can help advance the theoretical and methodological state of the art of scholarship on occult modernism.