River Health Assessment, Ecological Restoration and Management System

  • Liang Duan
  • Weijing Kong
  • Xin Gao
  • Juntao Fan
  • Francois Edwards
  • Richard Williams
  • Yonghui Song
  • Yuan Zhang
Chapter
Part of the Terrestrial Environmental Sciences book series (TERENVSC)

Abstract

Healthy river ecosystems maintain an integrity of their structural composition (including physical, chemical and biological composition), ecological processes and ecosystem functions. They have the ability to resist disturbance and restore their structure and function, and also provide ecological services in accordance with natural and human needs. River health assessment can identify water bodies with poor health and their belonging watersheds, and provide possible causes affecting river ecological conditions. In Europe and the United States and other developed countries, river health assessment has turned out to be an effective method for environmental water management.

References

  1. 1.
    DB34/T 732-2007 Technical guidelines for water function zoning.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    DB43/T 432-2009 Technical guidelines for investigation of freshwater organisms.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    GB 12997-91 Design technique standard for water quality sampling plan.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    GB 3838-2002 Environmental quality standards for surface water.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    GB/T 12997-91 The design rules of water quality sampling plan.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    GB/T 12998-91 Water quality-guidance on sampling techniques.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    GB/T 12999-91 The preservation and management techniques of water quality sampling.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    GB/T 14529-93 Principle for categories and grades of nature reserves.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    GB/T 14529-93 The division principle for the type and level of natural conservation area.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    GB/T 14848-1993 Quality standard for ground water.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    HJ 623-2011 Standard for the assessment of regional biodiversity.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    HJ/T 192-2006 Technical criterion for eco-environmental status evaluation.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    HJ/T 192-2006 The evaluation specification for ecological environment.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    HJ/T 91-2002 Technical specifications requirements for monitoring of surface water and waste water.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    HJ/T 91-2002 The environmental monitoring of surface water.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    HJ/T Technical regulation for inland ecosystem function management zoning (pending).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    HJ/T Technical regulation for river ecological investigation (pending).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    HJ/T338-2007 Technical guideline for delineating source water protection areas.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    SL 219-98 Regulation for water environmental monitoring.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    The technical specification of basin water ecological function zoning (draft).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    The technical guide of lake ecological security and evaluation, 2012.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cai, Qinghua, Ming Cao, and Xiangfei Huang. 2007. The observation method of water ecosystem. China: Environmental Science Press.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Chen, Weimin, Xiangfei Huang, and Wanping Zhou. 2005. The observation method of lake ecosystem. China: Environmental Science Publishing House.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    IUCN. 2000. The endangered levels and standards of species red list IUCN 3.1 Edition. World Nature Conservation Union.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Liu, Dachang, and Ai Che. 2014. Guide for the preparation of biological diversity conservation planning. China Environment Publishing House.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meng, Wei. 2011. The survey technology of river ecosystem. Science Press.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Silk, Nicole, and Kristine Ciruna. 2013. A practitioner’s guide to freshwater biodiversity conservation. Island Press.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wan, Bentai. 2013. The technical guide of the ecosystem health assessment. China: Environmental Science Publishing House.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang, Sung, and Yan Xie. 2004. The red list of Chinese species. Higher Education Press.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Xie, Yuhao, and Xiaoping Pu. 1984. The biological aspects of pond smelt (Hypomesus olidus (Pallas)) in the Shui Feng Reservoir. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 84: 457–468.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Duan
    • 1
  • Weijing Kong
    • 1
  • Xin Gao
    • 1
  • Juntao Fan
    • 1
  • Francois Edwards
    • 2
  • Richard Williams
    • 2
  • Yonghui Song
    • 1
  • Yuan Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesChaoyangChina
  2. 2.Centre for Ecology & HydrologyWallingfordUK

Personalised recommendations