Work, Time and Family: Is It Possible to Identify European Family Working Time Regimes?
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Overall in Europe, over the past decades there has been a shift from the male-breadwinner to the dual-earner model, but with a varying pace, and it has even been claimed that the rise of the dual earning households is one of the most significant social trends that has impacted European societies. In order to capture more carefully the variation of the family working time patterns, research has clustered European countries into family working time regimes or clusters. As men’s position in the labour market has been more stable over time, the change in women’s position in the labour markets is the core of explaining the changing family work patterns. Research has shown that family working time regimes not only identify the working time patterns of families, but also the extent to which state policies encourage or inhibit women to take employment.
KeywordsDual-Earners Employment patterns Family Gender
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