Human Trafficking: Source, Transit, Destination Designations

  • John N. Mordeson
  • Sunil Mathew
  • Davender S. Malik
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 365)


Trafficking in persons has been defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation (, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [6]).


  1. 1.
    S. Acharjee, J.N. Mordeson, Soft statistics w.r.t. utility and application in human trafficking. New Math. Nat. Comput. 13, 289–310 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Central Intelligence Agency, Field Listing: Trafficking in Persons (2014).
  3. 3.
    Global Slavery Index (2016).
  4. 4., 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index - Data and Reports (2014)
  5. 5., U.S. Department of State, Diplomacy in action, 3Ps: Prosecution, Protection, and Prevention (2011)
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    P. Majumdar, S.K. Samanta, On similarity measures of fuzzy soft sets. Int. J. Adv. Soft Comput. Appl. 3(2), 1–8 (2011)MATHGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.S. Malik, S. Mathew, J.N. Mordeson, Fuzzy Incidence Graphs: Applications to Human Trafficking (submitted)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.N. Mordeson, S. Mathew, R. Borzooei, Vulnerability and Government Response to Human trafficking: Vague fuzzy incidence graphs (submitted)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.N. Mordeson, S. Mathew, Human trafficking: source, transit, destination designations. New Math. Nat. Comput. 3, 209–218 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.S. Rajaram, S. Tidball, Nebraska Sex Trafficking Survivors Speak - A Qualitative Research Study, Submitted to: The Women’s Fund of Omaha (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns, Appendices-United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Citation Index (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns, The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime, Trafficking in Persons Citation IndexGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Trafficking in Persons Global Patterns (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • John N. Mordeson
    • 1
  • Sunil Mathew
    • 2
  • Davender S. Malik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsCreighton UniversityOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsNational Institute of TechnologyCalicutIndia

Personalised recommendations