A Novel Approach for Steganography App in Android OS

  • Kushal Gurung
  • Sami Azam
  • Bharanidharan Shanmugam
  • Krishnan Kannoorpatti
  • Mirjam Jonkman
  • Arasu Balasubramaniam
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 736)


The process of hiding information in a scientific and artistic way is known as Steganography. The information hidden cannot be easily retrieved or accessed and is unidentifiable. In this research, some of the existing methods for image steganography has been explained. These are LSB (Least Significant Bits) substitution method, DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform) and DWT (Discrete Wavelet Transform). A comparative analysis of these techniques depicted that LSB is the easiest and most efficient way of hiding information. But this technique can be easily attacked and targeted by attackers as it changes the image resolution. Using LSB technique an application was created for image steganography because it hides the secret message in binary coding. To overcome this problem a RSA algorithm was used in the least significant bits of pixels of image. Additionally, a QR code was generated in the encryption process to make it more secure and allow the quality of the image to remain as intact, as it was before the encryption. PNG and JPEG formats were used as the cover image in the app and findings also indicated the data was fully recovered.


Image steganography LSB (Least Significant Bits) Wavelet DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform) RSA QR code 


  1. 1.
    Morkel, T., Eloff, J.H., Olivier, M.S.: An overview of image steganography. In: Information and Computer Security Architecture (ISSA), pp. 1–11 (2005) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reddy, R., Ramani, R.: The process of encoding and decoding of image steganography using LSB algorithm. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2(11), 1488–1492 (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ibrahim, R., Kuan, T.S.: Steganography algorithm to hide secret message inside an image. arXiv (preprint) arXiv:1112.2809 (2011)
  4. 4.
    Dunbar, B.: A detailed look at steganographic techniques and their use in an open-systems environment, pp. 1–8 (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dabas, P., Khanna, K.: A study on spatial and transform domain watermarking techniques. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 71(14), 38–41 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Muhammad, N., Bibi, N., Mahmood, Z., Kim, D.G.: Blind data hiding technique using the Fresnelet transform. SpringerPlus 4(1), 832 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Umamaheswari, M., Sivasubramanian, S., Pandiarajan, S.: Analysis of different steganographic algorithms for secured data hiding. IJCSNS Int. J. Comput. Sci. Netw. Secur. 10(8), 154–160 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Provos, N., Honeyman, P.: Hide and seek: an introduction to steganography. IEEE Secur. Priv. 1(3), 32–44 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Krenn, R.: Steganography and steganalysis (2004).
  10. 10.
    Ahuja, B., Kaur, M.: High capacity filter based steganograph. Int. J. Recent Trends Eng. 1(1), 672–674 (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sharma, V.K., Shrivastava, V.: A steganography algorithm for hiding image in image by improved LSB substitution by minimize detection. J. Theor. Appl. Inf. Technol. 36(1), 1–8 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Devi, G.S., Thangadurai, K.: An analysis of LSB based image steganography techniques. In: Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), pp. 1–4 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goel, S., Rana, A., Kaur, M.: A review of comparison techniques of image steganography. Glob. J. Comput. Sci. Technol. 13(4), 9–14 (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kaur, G., Kochhar, A.: A steganography implementation based on LSB & DCT. Int. J. Sci. Emerg. Technol. Latest Trends 4(1), 35–41 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kumar, V., Kumar, D.: Performance evaluation of DWT based image steganography. In: Advance Computing Conference (IACC), vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 223–228 (2010)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Milanov, E.: The RSA algorithm, pp. 1–11. RSA Laboratories (2009)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kak, A.: Public-key cryptography and the RSA algorithm. Lecture Notes on Computer and Network Security, Purdue University, pp. 3–7 (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Altaay, A.A.J., Sahib, S.B., Zamani, M.: An introduction to image steganography techniques. In: 2012 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies, ACSAT 2012, pp. 122–126 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kushal Gurung
    • 1
  • Sami Azam
    • 1
  • Bharanidharan Shanmugam
    • 1
  • Krishnan Kannoorpatti
    • 1
  • Mirjam Jonkman
    • 1
  • Arasu Balasubramaniam
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Engineering and ITCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia
  2. 2.Cookie Analytix Pvt. Ltd.BengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations