The Sexuality of Gender
This chapter presents theory and research on gender and sexuality as well as on knowledge production in this area. Study in this area begins with the idea that gender and sexuality are interactional, socially constructed through micro and macro institutions ranging from family and individual couples to the nation, with effects varying by different social markers like race, class, cohort, age, and relationship status. What we know of the history of sexuality plus what we recognize as challenges for contemporary work are contingent on our epistemologies. This is because knowledge, too, about gender and sexuality is socially constructed, hampered by the legacy of constrained categories combined with limitations of imagination—our habits of mind. This chapter will help students and scholars of gender recognize transformations in the expression of gender and sexuality, even as it highlights the persistence of normative linkages between the two through heteronormativity. Do we think gender and sexuality will ever be disconnected from one another? It matters less to us whether they are connected or disconnected than that heteronormativity ceases to be a source of social control, racism, and structured inequalities by regulating gender and sexuality.
- Barbach, L. (1976). For yourself: The fulfillment of female sexuality. Garden City: Anchor Press.Google Scholar
- Black Women’s Blueprint. (2016). An open letter from black women to the SlutWalk. Gender & Society, 30, 9–13.Google Scholar
- Blumstein, P., & Schwartz, P. (1983). American couples: money, sex, work. New York: William Morrow.Google Scholar
- Boushey, H. (2005, November). Are women opting out? Debunking the myth. Center for Economic and Policy Research Briefing Paper. Washington DC: CEPR.Google Scholar
- Brownmiller, S. (1975). Against our will: Men women and rape. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
- Chauncey, G. (1994). Gay New York: Gender, urban culture, and the making of the gay male world, 1890–1940. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Cohen, P. (2016, August 22). Council on contemporary families brief: Welfare reform attitudes and single mothers’ employment after 20 years. https://contemporaryfamilies.org/tanf-attitudes-at-20/. Accessed January 15, 2017.
- Crenshaw, K. (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of anti-discrimination doctrine, feminist politics and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989, 139–167.Google Scholar
- Darity, W. A., Jr. (2010). Racism and colorism in post-racial societies. In L. Bond, F. McGinnity, & H. Russell (Eds.), Making equality count: Irish and international research measuring equality and discrimination (pp. 113–129). Dublin: The Liffey Press.Google Scholar
- D’Emilio, J., & Freedman, E. B. (1988). Intimate matters: a history of sexuality in America. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
- Dozier, R. (2015). The power of queer: How “guy moms” challenge heteronormative assumptions about mothering and family. In B. J. Risman & V. Rutter (Eds.), Families as they really are. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.Google Scholar
- Fisk, S., & Ridgeway, C. (2018). Framing gender. In Springer Handbook of the Sociology of Gender.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1978). The history of sexuality: Volume I: An introduction. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
- Gagné, P., & Tewksbury, R. (2005). Introduction: Advancing gender research at the intersection of gender and sexuality. In P. Gagné & R. Tewksbury (Eds.), Gendered sexualities (pp. 1–12). West Yorkshire: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Google Scholar
- Garcia, L. (2012). Respect yourself, protect yourself: Latina girls and sexual identity. New York: NYU Press.Google Scholar
- GLAAD. (2016). Debunking the “bathroom bill” myth. http://www.glaad.org/sites/default/files/Debunking_theBathroom_Bill_Myth_2016.pdf. Accessed December 20, 2016.
- Goodman, W. (1997, March 3). Women as victims of the Bosnian War. New York Times.Google Scholar
- Heard, Alex. (2010). The eyes of Willie McGee: A tragedy of race, sex, and secrets in the Jim Crow. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.Google Scholar
- Jones, B., Rutter, V., & Boateng, J. (2015, May). The gender conundrum. Center for excellence in learning, teaching, scholarship, and service: A day in may conference. Framingham, MA.Google Scholar
- Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Lim, N. (2016, October 13). CNN breaking news: Donald Trump on accuser: “Take a look at her…I don’t think so.” http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/13/politics/natasha-stoynoff-donald-trump-women/. Accessed January 23, 2017.
- Mills, C. W. (1959). The sociological imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Moore, M. (2011). Invisible families. Oakland: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- New York Times. (2016). Transcript: Donald Trump’s taped comments about women. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/08/us/donald-trump-tape-transcript.html. Accessed January 15, 2017.
- Pascoe, C. J. (2007). Dude, you’re a fag: Masculinity and sexuality in high school. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Pornhub Insights. (2016). Gay searches in the United States. http://www.pornhub.com/insights/gay-searches-united-states. Accessed December 20, 2016.
- Poulin, C., & Rutter, V. (2011, March 29). Council on contemporary families brief: How colorblind is love? Interracial dating facts and puzzles. https://contemporaryfamilies.org/how-colorblind-is-love/. Accessed January 15, 2017.
- Risman, B. J. (2018). Gender structure theory. In Springer Handbook of the Sociology of Gender.Google Scholar
- Robinson, Z. (2018). Intersectionality. In Springer Handbook of the Sociology of Gender.Google Scholar
- Rutter, V. (2013, February 20). The sexual mystique stuck inside our heads. The Society Pages. https://thesocietypages.org/girlwpen/2013/02/20/nice-work-the-sexual-mystique-stuck-inside-our-heads/. Accessed February 18, 2017.
- Rutter, V. (2014, June 9). Love and lust. Psychology Today.Google Scholar
- Rutter, V., & Schwartz, P. (2012). The gender of sexuality. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
- Sassler, S. (2016, June 20). Council on contemporary families brief: A reversal in predictors of sexual satisfaction in marriage. https://contemporaryfamilies.org/sex-equalmarriages/. Accessed January 23, 2017.
- Sexual Minority Assessment Research Team (Williams Institute). (2009). Best practices for asking questions about sexual orientation on surveys. http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/SMART-FINAL-Nov-2009.pdf. Accessed January 15, 2017.
- Tyson, T. (2017). The blood of Emmitt Till. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
- Wade, L. (2017). American hookup: The new culture of sex on campus. New York: W.W. Norton and Company Inc.Google Scholar
- Weber, M. (1946). Science as a vocation. In H. H. Gerth & C. W. Mills (Eds.), From Max Weber Essays in Sociology (pp. 129–156). New York: Oxford Press.Google Scholar
- Weeks, J. (2009). Sexuality (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar