Inside campi nomadi: The Italian Approach to the Global Shanty Town Development

  • Riccardo Armillei
Chapter
Part of the Mapping Global Racisms book series (MGR)

Abstract

The development of urban slum areas is a global phenomenon and one of the major issues of the twenty-first century. More than half (54 percent) of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and this is a figure that it is expected to grow larger by 2030. The Romani people make up Europe’s largest ethnic minority (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights [FRA], Fundamental rights report 2017. Retrieved from http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2017/fundamental-rights-report-2017, 2017a). They have been subjected to social exclusion and marginalisation for centuries and today many of them live in informal settlements or unauthorised housing. People living in such conditions are also under the constant threat of forced eviction (Council of Europe [CoE], Stop evictions of Roma and Travellers. Retrieved from https://www.coe.int/en/web/portal/roma-latest-news/-/asset_publisher/Wf2OtrKpyHUY/content/stop-evictions-of-roma-and-travelle-3?_101_INSTANCE_Wf2OtrKpyHUY_languageId=en_GB, 2016b). The Romanies in Italy represent a very small minority group. According to the most recent figures, between 120,000 and 180,000 Romani are living in Italy. This corresponds to 0.25 percent of the national population. It is also estimated that 28,000 of them live in emergency housing conditions. This chapter will define the field of research, the theoretical framework, the object of study and the significance of this book.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riccardo Armillei
    • 1
  1. 1.Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation (ADI)Deakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia

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