Improving Water-Use Efficiency and Productivity in the Litani River Basin

  • Ihab Jomaa
  • Amin Shaban
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 85)


The Litani River Basin (LRB), with special emphasis on the upper part of the basin, occupies the largest area of arable land in Lebanon where agriculture is dominant. However, like many Lebanese regions, the upper part of the LRB suffers from water deficiency, and at the same time, the need for irrigation water is quite pronounced. The irrigation and the related aspects of water consumption in the area of concern follows many traditional and advanced techniques where a large part of the irrigated water is not used efficiently. This, in turn, affects water productivity, which affects crop yield. In this area of study, many institutes are concerned with improving the water-use efficiency and productivity, most notably in the irrigation systems. The Lebanese Agriculture Research Center (LARI) has applied several advanced techniques and applications in this respect. Therefore, results on water use and productivity are improving by using the new techniques provided by LARI to alert framers about meteorological forecasts and extending periodical instructions and awareness. This chapter reveals examples of these techniques and proposes new applications to be used in the LRB for better water use and crop yield.


Water loss Furrow irrigation Farmers Water sources Bekaa plain 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Irrigation and AgroMeteorologyLebanese Agriculture Research InstituteTal AmaraLebanon
  2. 2.National Council for Scientific ResearchBeirutLebanon

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