Conclusion: University Cricket and Emerging Adulthood

  • Harry C. R. Bowles


This chapter provides a summary and critical review of the research findings described over the course of the book. The chapter presents six fundamental identity questions central to players’ transitions into and away from professional cricket, and discusses the application of these questions to the construction and exploration of occupational identities beyond the studied context. Recommendations are made with regards to the importance of providing young people with authentic vocational experiences to facilitate the process of identity-exploration, and the need for a more meaningful alignment between industry and higher-education to assist young people’s transitions into work for which the university cricket system provides a model of practice.


  1. Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991). Backboards and Blackboards: College Athletes and Role Engulfment. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Arnett, J. J. (2004). Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Arnett, J. J. (2007). Socialisation in emerging adulthood: From the family to the wider world, from socialisation to self-socialisation. In J. E. Grusec & P. D. Hastings (Eds.), Handbook of Socialisation: Theory and Research (pp. 208–231). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Baumeister, R. F. (1986). Identity Cultural Change and the Struggle for Self. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Becker, H. S., Geer, B., Hughes, E. C., & Strauss, A. L. (1977). Boys in White: Student Culture in Medical School. London: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Corrigan, P. (1979). Schooling the Smash Street Kids. London: Macmillian Education Ltd.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Côté, J. E. (2000). Arrested Adulthood: The Changing Nature of Maturity and Identity. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cowan, E. (2011). In the Firing Line: Diary of a Season. Sydney: New South Publishing.Google Scholar
  9. de Rond, M. (2008). The Last Amateurs: To Hell and Back with the Cambridge Boat Race Crew. Cambridge: Icon Books.Google Scholar
  10. Fleming, S. (1995). ‘Home and Away’: Sport and South Asian Male Youth. Aldershot: Avebury.Google Scholar
  11. Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Manley, A., Palmer, C., & Roderick, M. (2012). Disciplinary power, the oligopticon and rhizomatic surveillance in elite sport academies. Surveillance and Society, 10(3/4), 303–319.Google Scholar
  13. Manley, A., Roderick, M., & Parker, A. (2016). Disciplinary mechanisms and the discourse of identity: The creation of ‘silence’ in an elite sports academy. Culture and Organization, 22(3), 221–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mills, C. W. (1959). The Sociological Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Parker, A. (1996). Chasing the ‘Big Time’: Football Apprenticeship in the 1990s. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.Google Scholar
  16. Parker, A. (2000). Training for ‘glory’ or schooling for ‘failure’?: English professional football, traineeship and education provision. Journal of Education and Work, 13(1), 61–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Parker, A. (2001). Soccer, servitude and subcultural identity: Football traineeship and masculine construction. Soccer and Society, 2(1), 59–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parker, A., & Manley, A. (2017). Goffman, identity and organizational control: Elite sports academies and social theory. Sociology of Sport Journal, 34(3), 211–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rhodes, J. E., Spencer, R., Keller, T. E., Laing, B., & Noam, G. (2006). A model for the influence of mentoring relationships on youth development. Journal of Community Psychology, 34(6), 691–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Roderick, M. (2006). The Work of Professional Football: A Labour of Love? Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Roebuck, P. (1985). It Never Rains: A Cricketer’s Lot. London: Unwin Paperbacks.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, E. (2004). On and Off the Field. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  23. Willis, P. (1977). Learning to Labour: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry C. R. Bowles
    • 1
  1. 1.Cyncoed CampusCardiff Metropolitan UniversityCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations