Motional Cooling in Penning Traps

  • Manuel Vogel
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 100)


The possibility to cool the motions of confined particles is one key motivation for the use of Penning traps, particularly in precision spectroscopy in any frequency domain. Here, we discuss the notion of a particle temperature, its measurement in different experimental situations, and review the most important cooling techniques applied in Penning traps.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany

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