• Jean Daudelin
  • José Luiz Ratton


The results of our investigation can be distilled in a few straightforward conclusions.

Illegal markets can function peacefully, not only in wealthy “First World” societies but in social environments where poverty is rife and violence endemic. The case of Recife suggests that five interrelated groups of factors can play powerful roles in determining whether a given illegal market will be violent or not: market characteristics, consumption patterns, drug type, police disruption, and police deterrence.


Drug trafficking Illegal markets Violence Inequality Governance Public security 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Daudelin
    • 1
  • José Luiz Ratton
    • 2
  1. 1.Carleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Federal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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