Being a Citizen in Times of Mainstreaming of Populism: Building Post-communist Contestatory and Solidary Citizenship

  • Anna Krasteva
  • Evelina Staykova
  • Ildiko Otova
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)


The Bulgarian chapter by Anna Krasteva with Evelina Staykova and Ildiko Otova analyzes the (in)capacity of the civic countering to the unprecedented wave of nationalist and xenophobic discourses and to the diversification and multiplication of extremist actors, to theorize the emergence and development of the civic agency through a variety of approaches. Post-communist civic agency is conceptualized through three theoretical models: Donatella della Porta’s diffusion model, Isin and Nielsen’s acts of citizenship, and Krasteva’s contestatory citizenship. The article regards citizenship as politics of transformation and examines the possibility of a neo-post-transformation: a positive overturning of the negative trend in the mainstreaming of national populism. It maps post-communist citizenships and compares three types of citizenship—green, Occupy, and solidary—in three respects: the adversaries whose hegemony they attack, the audibility of their claims, and the temporalities of mobilizations.


Citizenship Green citizenship Contestatory citizenship Solidary citizenship Agency Protests Politics of transformation Bulgaria Post-communism National populism 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Krasteva
    • 1
  • Evelina Staykova
    • 2
  • Ildiko Otova
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political SciencesNew Bulgarian UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.CERMES, Department of Political SciencesNew Bulgarian UniversitySofiaBulgaria

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