A Hindu Gift of Bestowal: Śankara’s Concept of Grace in a Buddhist Context

  • John Y. Cha
Chapter
Part of the Pathways for Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue book series (PEID)

Abstract

This chapter explores the possible role of grace in liberation within Indian religions that maintain a non-dualism. At first glance, grace seems to require a division between the one who bestows grace and the one who receives it. In other words, how can grace function soteriologically if reality is non-dual? In order to address this problem, Cha discusses the role of grace in the non-dual philosophy of the Hindu advaitin Śankara (eighth century C.E.), and explores how Śankara’s notion of grace can enhance the soteriology in Yogācāra Buddhism, specifically in the philosophy of the Yogācārin Vasubandhu (fifth century C.E.). Cha’s aim is to show that grace can function in a non-dualistic context when the immanent sphere of the human condition is the locus of liberation.

Bibliography

  1. Alston, A.J. 1980. Śankara on the Absolute. Vol. I. London: Shanti Sadan.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 1985a. Śankara on the Creation. Vol. II. London: Shanti Sadan.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 1985b. Śankara on the Soul. Vol. III. London: Shanti Sadan.Google Scholar
  4. ———. 1989c. Śankara on Rival Views. Vol. IV. London: Shanti Sadan.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 1989d. Śankara on Discipleship. Vol. V. London: Shanti Sadan.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 2004. A Śankaran Sourcebook. London: Shanti Sadan.Google Scholar
  7. Anacker, Stephan. Trans. 1986. The Seven Works of Vasubandhu: The Buddhist Psychological Doctor. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.Google Scholar
  8. Brahmasūtra with Śankarabhāshya. Works of Śankarācārya in Original Sanskrit. Vol. III. Dehli: Motilal Banarsidass.Google Scholar
  9. Gambirānanda, Swami. Trans. 1977. Brahma-Sūrtra-bhāsya of Śankarācārya. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama.Google Scholar
  10. ———. Trans. 1982. Eight Upanisads: With the Commentary of Śankarācārya. Vol. I: Īśa, Kena, Katha and Taittirīya. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama.Google Scholar
  11. Grant, Sara. 2002. Toward an Alternative Theology: Confessions of a Non-dualist Christian. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
  12. Griffiths, Paul J. 1994. On Being Buddha: The Classical Doctrine of Buddhahood. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 1997. The Limits of Criticism. In Pruning the Bodhi Tree, ed. Jaime Hubbard and Paul Swanson. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  14. Gupta, Bina. 2012. An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge, and Freedom. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Malkovsky, Bradely J. 1997. The Personhood of Śamkara’s Para Brahman. The Journal of Religion 77: 541–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 2000. Śamkara on Divine Grace. In New Perspectives on Advaita Vedānta, ed. Bradley J. Malkovsky. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2001. The Role of Divine Grace in the Soteriology of Samkarācārya. Leiden/Boston/Köln: Brill.Google Scholar
  18. Mathes, Klaus-Dieter. 1990. Untersuchung der Phänomene und ihrer Natur. Eine Lehrschrift der buddhistischen Yogācāra-Schule in tibetischer Überlieferung. Magister Artium Thesis, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Univesität zu Bonn.Google Scholar
  19. Mayeda, Sengaku. Trans. 1979. A Thousand Teachings: The Upadeśasāhasrī of Śankara. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.Google Scholar
  20. Nagao. 1978. What Remains in Sunyata: A Yogacara Interpretation of Emptiness. In Mahāyāna Buddhist Meditation: Theory and Practice, ed. Minora Kiyota. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  21. Pandeya, Ramchandra. 1999. Madhyānta-vibhāga-śāstra: Containing the Kārikā-s of Maitreya, Bhāsya of Vasubadhu and Tīka by Sthiramati. Dehli: Motilal Banarsidass.Google Scholar
  22. Rāhula, Walpola. 1974. What the Buddha Taught. New York: Grove Press.Google Scholar
  23. Sānkrtyāyana, Rāhula. 1938. Sanskrit MSS. in Tibet. Journal of the Bihar and Orrisa Research Society XXIV: 137–163.Google Scholar
  24. Urban, Hugh B., and Paul J. Griffiths. 1994. What Else Remains in Śūnyatā? An Investigation of Terms for Mental Imagery in the Madhyāntavibhāga Corpus. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 17 (1): 1–25.Google Scholar
  25. Williams, Paul. 2006. Buddhist Thought: A Complete Introduction to the Indian Tradition. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Y. Cha
    • 1
  1. 1.Gustavus Adolphus CollegeSt. PeterUSA

Personalised recommendations