Differences in Life Expectancy by Marital Status in the Czech Republic After 1990 and Their Decomposition by Age

  • Tomas Fiala
  • Jitka Langhamrova
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE, volume 46)


Differences in life expectancies by marital status is a well-known phenomenon. To understand better the nature of these differences it is appropriate to use the decomposition method which can detect contributions of individual age groups in adult age to the total difference.

The aim of this paper is to quantify the age-specific contributions of individual age groups to the total differences in life expectancy at birth by marital status in the Czech Republic since 1990. The analysis is based on annual Czech Statistical Office data. Each five-year time period is analysed separately.

Highest contributions to the total differences in life expectancy at birth were observed for males mainly in the age groups 50–59 and 60–69 years, for females usually in the age groups 60–69 and 70–79 years. In first decade studied for males under 60 single the highest contribution show single males while at higher ages divorced and widowed. In the last decade, single males have highest contribution in all age groups. For females, the development is more regular and stable. The highest contribution is observed for single females, the lowest for widowed.


Family status Life expectancy Decomposition by age Czech Republic 



This article was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic No. GA ČR 15-13283S under the title Projection of the Czech Republic Population According to Educational Level and Marital Status.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Demography, Faculty of Informatics and StatisticsUniversity of EconomicsPragueCzech Republic

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