Digital Cultural Heritage: Semantic Enrichment and Modelling in BIM Environment
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The ongoing EU funded INCEPTION project proposes a significant improvement in the 3D modelling for the enhancement of Cultural Heritage knowledge by the use of a BIM approach for the semantic enrichment and management of models. Indeed, when used in the CH field, semantic BIM will be able to connect different users (e.g. scholars, technicians, citizens, governments), supporting the need for interpretation of the cultural heritage model.
The expectations on this are quite broad, but the architectural differences make the task quite difficult. Since every building is the final result of different influences and combinations in order to solve practical problems, as well as further additions and changes during time, the INCEPTION project is developing common parameters, setting a nomenclature or “glossary of names” as a starting point to semantic enrichment and modelling in BIM environment.
One of the main issues in creating a nomenclature is that there are many different active sources that all have very valuable information that would be interesting to be reused. Furthermore, this means both valuable but potentially competing information needs to be connected. Semantic Web technology and Linked Open Data principles make it possible to define an open H-BIM ontology. This state-of-the-art technology is developed by members of the W3C organization and is at the moment, a mature technology. INCEPTION makes use of the tools available, supporting these standards.
KeywordsHeritage buildings Semantic modelling Linked open data Heritage documentation H-BIM
The project is under development by a consortium of fourteen partners from ten European countries led by the Department of Architecture of the University of Ferrara. Academic partners of the consortium, in addition to the Department of Architecture of the University of Ferrara, include the University of Ljubljana (Slovenia), the National Technical University of Athens (Greece), the Cyprus University of Technology (Cyprus), the University of Zagreb (Croatia), the research centers Consorzio Futuro in Ricerca (Italy) and Cartif (Spain). The clustering of small medium enterprises includes: DEMO Consultants BV (The Netherlands), 3L Architects (Germany), Nemoris (Italy), RDF (Bulgaria), 13BIS Consulting (France), Z + F (Germany), Vision and Business Consultants (Greece).
The INCEPTION project has been applied under the Work Programme Europe in a changing world – inclusive, innovative and reflective Societies (Call - Reflective Societies: Cultural Heritage and European Identities, Reflective-7-2014, Advanced 3D modelling for accessing and understanding European cultural assets).
This research project has received funding from the European Union’s H2020 Framework Programme for research and innovation under Grant agreement no 665220.
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