Safeguarding Without a Record? The Digital Inventories of Intangible Cultural Heritage

Chapter

Abstract

For centuries, cultural-heritage protection systems have been based on written inventories that functioned as tools with which to record heritage objects. Yet the new category of “intangible cultural heritage,” created by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in its 2003 Convention, is an exception within such a registration and classification framework. The Convention, which includes in this category all living cultural practices, introduces the need to build a new system of protection based on a dynamic and inclusive principle that rejects any kind of hierarchy or fossilization. The implementation of this democratic ideal of safeguarding raises numerous paradoxes. Is it really possible to build a protection system with no record? This chapter focuses on the role that digital media can play in the resolution of this paradoxes.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Labex Les passés dans le présent (Investissements d’avenir, réf. ANR-11-LABX-0026-01).

References

  1. Aguiton, Christophe, and Dominique Cardon. 2007. The Strength of Weak Cooperation. An Attempt to Understand the Meaning of Web2.0. Communications & Strategies 65: 51–65.Google Scholar
  2. Bachimont, Bruno. 2017. Patrimoine et numérique. Technique et politique de la mémoire. Paris: INA Editions.Google Scholar
  3. Bortolotto, Chiara. 2008. Les inventaires du patrimoine culturel immatériel: l’enjeu de la participation. Rapport de recherche, Direction de l’architecture et du patrimoine.Google Scholar
  4. Bowker, Geoffrey C., and Susan Leigh Star. 2000. Sorting Things Out. Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Briet, Suzanne. 1951. Qu’est-ce que la documentation? Paris: Éditions documentaires, industrielles et techniques.Google Scholar
  6. Buckland, Michael. 1997. What is a Document? Journal of the American Society for Information Science (1986–1998) 48 (9): 804–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cameron, Fiona, and Helena Robinson. 2007. Digital Knowledgescapes. Cultural, Theoretical, Practical, and Usage Issues Facing Museum Collection Databases in a Digital Epoch. In Theorizing Digital Cultural Heritage. A Critical Discourse, ed. Fiona Cameron and Sarah Kenderdine, 165–192. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Castéret, Jean-Jasques, and Mélanie Larché. 2016. Le projet ‘PciLab‘ pour la valorisation numérique de l’Inventaire français du PCI. In Patrimoine culturel immatériel et numérique, ed. Marta Severo and Sévérine Cachat, 147–162. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  9. Derrida, Jacques. 1990. Du droit à la philosophie. Paris: Editions Galilée.Google Scholar
  10. Ferraris, Maurizio. 2012. Documentality. Why It is Necessary to Leave Traces. New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2014. Total Mobilization. Recording, Documentality, Normativity. The Monist 97 (2): 201–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ———. 2015. Mobilitazione Totale. Roma-Bari: Laterza. Kindle.Google Scholar
  13. Francioni, Francesco, and Federico Lenzerini. 2006. The Obligation to Prevent and Avoid Destruction of Cultural Heritage: From Biniyan to Iraq. In Art and Cultural Heritage. Law, Policy, and Practice, ed. Barbara T. Hoffman, 28–41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Fraysse, Patrick. 2008. Effets du système d’information sur l’évolution de la notion de patrimoine. In L’information dans les organisations. dynamique et complexité, ed. Christiane Volant, 303–314. Tours: Presses Universitaires François-Rabelais.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Goody, Jack. 1977. The Domestication of the Savage Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hafstein, Valdimar. 2009. Intangible Heritage as a List. From Masterpieces to Representation. In Intangible Heritage, ed. Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa, 93–111. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Impey, Oliver, and Arthur MacGregor. 1985. The Origins of Museums. The Cabinet of Curiosities in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Europe. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  18. Khaznadar, Chérif. 2014. Warning. The Intagible Heritage in Danger. Arles: Actes Sud.Google Scholar
  19. Latour, Bruno. 1987. Science in Action. How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Leroi-Gourhan, André. 1964. Le geste et la parole. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  21. McCleery, Alistair, and Alison McCleery. 2016. Inventorying Intangible Heritage: The Approach in Scotland. In Patrimoine culturel immatériel et numérique, ed. Marta Severo and Sévérine Cachat, 183–198. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  22. McCleery, Alison, Alistar McCleery, and Linda Gunn. 2008. Scoping and Mapping Intangible Cultural Heritage in Scotland. Final Report. Edinburgh: Napier University and Museums Galleries Scotland. http://www.napier.ac.uk/~/media/worktribe/output-229389/ichinscotlandfullreportjuly08pdf.pdf
  23. Orr, Joanne, and Sara Thomas. 2016. From First Footing to Faeries: An Inventory of Scotland’s Living Culture. In Patrimoine culturel immatériel et numérique, ed. Marta Severo and Sévérine Cachat, 199–206. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  24. Otlet, Paul. 1934. Traité de documentation: le livre sur le livre, théorie et pratique. Bruxelles: Editiones Mundaneum.Google Scholar
  25. Pietrobruno, Sheenagh. 2013. YouTube and the Social Archiving of Intangible Heritage. New Media & Society 15 (8): 1259–1276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Severo, Marta, and Alberto Romele. 2015. Traces numériques et territoires. Paris: Presses de Mines.Google Scholar
  27. UNESCO. 2003. Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immaterial 2003. Accessed October 1, 2017. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=17716&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
  28. Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 1986. Philosophical Investigations. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Paris NanterreParisFrance

Personalised recommendations