Multi-Site Energy Use Management in the Absence of Smart Grids

  • Zeynep Bektas
  • Gülgün Kayakutlu
  • M. Özgür Kayalica
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 149)


Demand-side management (DSM) allows an energy load to be balanced across multiple consumers. Energy consumption fluctuations cause important costs based on the alternating energy price tariffs. DSM creates opportunities for consumers to reduce their energy consumption costs by smoothing the daily load curve. An MINLP model is constructed based on power consumption, which aligns with the production schedules of the industrial units. Then, these feasible schedules are used as an input for a cooperative Bayesian game that is designed to balance the hourly loads. A case study of three factories, where the demand-side manager tries to minimize the instability of purchasing electricity from the general grid through load balancing, is considered.



We would like to express our gratitude to the Hayat Kimya managers, who helped us to find a case study district and provided the necessary data and information to implement our model.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeynep Bektas
    • 1
  • Gülgün Kayakutlu
    • 2
  • M. Özgür Kayalica
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringIstanbul UniversityAvcilarTurkey
  2. 2.Energy InstituteIstanbul Technical UniversityMackaTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of ManagementIstanbul Technical UniversityMackaTurkey

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