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Transcription Factor-Based Genetic Engineering for Salinity Tolerance in Crops

  • Parinita Agarwal
  • Pradeep K. Agarwal
  • Divya Gohil
Chapter

Abstract

Salinity is one of the major environmental factors limiting productivity of all important crops. With an alarming increase of the world’s population, the sustainable agriculture produce is needed to feed the growing population. The decrease in agricultural land due to industrialization/urbanization and climate change poses a threat to agriculture. The genetic engineering of crops can serve as a promising technique and can significantly contribute to addressing food security and also add economic value to the world’s farming systems. The deployment of stress-responsive transcription factors for providing salinity tolerance to crops is an interesting area at the forefront of research. In the present chapter, we discuss the mechanism of regulation of important transcription factors, namely, dehydration-responsive element-binding factors, myeloblastosis oncogene, myelocytomatosis oncogene, NACs and WRKYs, and also provide an update of the transgenics developed and characterized using these TFs for enhanced salinity tolerance.

Keywords

Abiotic stress DNA-binding domain Genetic engineering Ionic Osmotic Post-translational Promoters Reactive oxygen species Salinity stress Signalling Transcription factors Transgenics 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ABRE

ABA-responsive element

AP2/ERF

Apetala2/ethylene-responsive factor CDPK

bZIP

Basic leucine zipper

CaBD

Calmodulin-binding domain

CaMV

Cauliflower mosaic virus

CDPK

Calcium-dependent protein kinase

CK2

Casein kinase 2

DBD

DNA-binding domain

DRE

Dehydration-responsive element

DREB

Dehydration-responsive element-binding factor

ERD1

Early responsive to dehydration stress

ET

Ethylene

HTH

Helix–turn–helix

MAPK

Mitogen-activated protein kinase

MeJA

Methyl jasmonate

MYB

Myeloblastosis oncogene

MYC

Myelocytomatosis oncogene

NACRS

NAC recognition site

PKC

Protein kinase C

PP2Cs

Protein phosphatase 2C

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SA

Salicylic acid

TF

Transcription factor

TRD

Transcription regulatory domain

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Department of Science and Technology and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parinita Agarwal
    • 1
  • Pradeep K. Agarwal
    • 1
  • Divya Gohil
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Omics Division, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR-CSMCRI), Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)BhavnagarIndia

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