Strategies to Mitigate the Salt Stress Effects on Photosynthetic Apparatus and Productivity of Crop Plants

  • Sonia Mbarki
  • Oksana Sytar
  • Artemio Cerda
  • Marek Zivcak
  • Anshu Rastogi
  • Xiaolan He
  • Aziza Zoghlami
  • Chedly Abdelly
  • Marian Brestic


Soil salinization represents one of the major limiting factors of future increase in crop production through the expansion or maintaining of cultivation area in the future. High salt levels in soils or irrigation water represent major environmental concerns for agriculture in semiarid and arid zones. Recent advances in research provide great opportunities to develop effective strategies to improve crop salt tolerance and yield in different environments affected by the soil salinity. It was clearly demonstrated that plants employ both the common adaptative responses and the specific reactions to salt stress. The review of research results presented here may be helpful to understand the physiological, metabolic, developmental, and other reactions of crop plants to salinity, resulting in the decrease of biomass production and yield. In addition, the chapter provides an overview of modern studies on how to mitigate salt stress effects on photosynthetic apparatus and productivity of crop plants with the help of phytohormones, glycine betaine, proline, polyamines, paclobutrazol, trace elements, and nanoparticles. To understand well these effects and to discover new ways to improve productivity in salinity stress conditions, it is necessary to utilize efficiently possibilities of promising techniques and approaches focused on improvement of photosynthetic traits and photosynthetic capacity, which determines yield under salt stress conditions.


Salinity Photosynthesis apparatus Yield Adaptative response 



Abscisic acid


Ascorbate peroxidase






Dry weight




Fresh weight


Guaiacol peroxidase


Jasmonic acid




Monodehydroascorbate reductase


Malonic dialdehyde




Photosynthetic rate




Relative water content


Salicylic acid


Superoxide dismutase


Water use efficiency


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia Mbarki
    • 1
    • 7
  • Oksana Sytar
    • 2
  • Artemio Cerda
    • 3
  • Marek Zivcak
    • 2
  • Anshu Rastogi
    • 4
  • Xiaolan He
    • 5
  • Aziza Zoghlami
    • 6
  • Chedly Abdelly
    • 7
  • Marian Brestic
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Rural Engineering, Water and Forests (INRGREF)ArianaTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Plant PhysiologySlovak University of AgricultureNitraSlovakia
  3. 3.Department of GeographyUniversitat de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  4. 4.Department of MeteorologyPoznan University of Life SciencesPoznanPoland
  5. 5.Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences (JAAS)NanjingChina
  6. 6.Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie(INRAT)Rue Hedi Karray ArianaTunisia
  7. 7.Laboratory of Plant Extremophile PlantsCenter of Biotechnology of Borj CedriaHammam-LifTunisia

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