This chapter presents the current status of energy technologies and compares different types of fuel cells. The potential of SOFCs is discussed and the key features of the cells are described. Historic and theoretical background is given, and the governing equations used to describe the operation of SOFCs are given and described. In the chapter, you can find an elaboration of the losses in a fuel cell, and the difference between theoretical and actual voltage is highlighted. The discussion on the potential of the SOFC is complemented by the introduction of the basic concept of distributed energy and a comparison of the process chains for large stationary power plants versus micro- and small-distributed cogenerators fed with locally available fuel resources.


Solid oxide fuel cells SOFC Modeling System design Micro-CHP Polygeneration 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of High Temperature Electrochemical Processes (HiTEP)Institute of Power EngineeringWarsawPoland

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