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Poorly Fertile Soils

  • Khan Towhid Osman
Chapter

Abstract

The capacity of soils to supply plant nutrients in available forms and proper balance, and in the absence of any toxicity, is known as soil fertility. All soils do not have enough capacity to provide plants with optimum nutrients required for their normal growth and development. Many soils are deficient in one or more nutrients. These soils are poorly fertile soils. Major causes of poor soil fertility include shallow depth, coarse texture, poor soil structure, high erosion, low organic matter, low activity clay, low CEC and base saturation, unfavorable chemical environment such as acidity, alkalinity, salinity, sodicity, pollution, etc. and P-fixation. Some soils are naturally poorly fertile and some soils are impoverished by soil mismanagement. Improvement and restoration of soil fertility for sustainable crop production in these soils need integrated soil and crop management efforts. The incorporation of organic residues along with chemical fertilizers, biochar amendment, green manuring, inclusion of a legume in the crop sequence, intercropping, crop rotation, cover crops, residue management and conservation tillage, liming an acidic soil, crop-livestock integration are needed in a concerted manner. No single method is enough for the management of poorly fertile soils.

Keywords

Plant nutrients Soil fertility Nutrient depletion Fertilizers Organic fertilizers Manures Composting Industrial fertilizers Mixed fertilizers Liquid fertilizers Fertilizer application Fertilizer losses 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khan Towhid Osman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh

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