The Emergence of Shared Gardens and Self-Built Structures in North American Cities

  • Carolin Mees
Part of the Urban Agriculture book series (URBA)


The third chapter presents an analysis of the emergence of shared gardens and self-built structures in cities in the United States with focus on Philadelphia and in Canadian cities with focus on Toronto. This analysis shows that self-built structures were not important in the early shared gardens in North America since these gardens were installed for food production in a top-manner during times of national crisis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolin Mees
    • 1
  1. 1.BrooklynUSA

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