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Empire, Orthodoxy, and Economy: The Influence of Russian Orthodoxy and Empire on Economic Fields in Pre-Revolutionary Russia

  • Mikhail Rumiantsev
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter takes us back into the past to seek the roots of various field and institutional logics. Fields of practice were constituted by three institutions: those of the state, of the Orthodox Church, and of the peasant commune. One common logic to all three was a moral economy of reciprocity and redistribution: this was grounded in survival for peasants, in the theology of the Church, and as a foundation of legitimate authority for the state. As such, the logics of all three subsumed economic activity under relations of cooperation as well as competition, survival, as well as profit. To the extent a capitalist spirit was going to emerge in Russian economic fields, it would have to contend with counterbalancing forces and logics from these other institutional fields. In fact, the state would have to exert some effort not only to speed up Russia’s lagging industrialization to catch up with the West; it would have to confront these very non-capitalist logics from which it had benefited.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikhail Rumiantsev
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics, Department of Economic TheorySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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