Alternative Media Ecosystem as a Fifth-Generation Warfare Supra-Combination

Part of the Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering book series (ISCA, volume 93)


The evolution in information technology has created new cognitive and social platforms where the amount of interhuman interaction is increasingly present. The development of methods of war constantly follows the trends of society, and therefore, the military interaction in the information, cognitive, and social domains such as in the social media should logically increase. This essay will compare the recent findings on information warfare to the theoretical basis of the nature of contemporary warfare. The framework of the essay will be fifth-generation warfare theory, network warfare theory, and Kate Starbird’s research on alternative news ecosystem. The argument of the essay is based on how the recent finding on the presence of alternative news ecosystem is compatible with the 5GW framework and hence opens the discussion for the security and military dimension of the alt-news phenomenon.


Fifth-generation warfare theory Network warfare theory 


  1. Hammes TX (2006) The sling and the stone. Zenith PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Lind et al (1989) The changing face of war: into the fourth generation. Mar Gaz 73(10):22–26Google Scholar
  3. Reed DJ (2008) Beyond the war on terror: into the fifth generation of war and conflict. Stud Conflict Terror 31(8):684–722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rees LC (2010) The handbook of 5GW. In: Abbot DH (ed) Kindle edition. Nimble Books LLCGoogle Scholar
  5. Starbird K (2017) Examining the alternative media ecosystem through the production of alternative narratives of mass shooting events on twitter. University of Washington. Accessed 09 Apr 2017
  6. Wikipedia (2017) John boyd’s OODA loop. Accessed 16 June 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aberystwyth UniversityAberystwythUK

Personalised recommendations