The Modern Strategies in the Cyber Warfare

  • Martti Lehto
Part of the Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering book series (ISCA, volume 93)


As there is no generally accepted definition for cyber warfare, it is a term that is quite liberally used in describing events and actions in the digital cyber world. The concept of cyber warfare became extremely popular from 2008 to 2010, partly superseding the previously used concept of information warfare which was launched in the 1990s. For some, cyber warfare is war that is conducted in the virtual domain. For others, it is a counterpart to conventional “kinetic” warfare. According to the OECD’s 2001 report, cyberwar military doctrines resemble those of so-called conventional war: retaliation and deterrence. Researchers agree with the notion that the definition of cyberwar should address the aims and motives of war, rather than the forms of cyber operations. They believe that war is always widespread and encompasses all forms of warfare. Hence, cyber warfare is but one form of waging war, used alongside kinetic attacks. The new capacities of armed forces create new possibilities, for both the kinetic and non-kinetic use of force in cyberspace. Cyber era capabilities make possible operations in the new nonlinear and indefinite hybrid cyber battlespace. It must be possible to seamlessly integrate the decision-makers, actors and all types of manned and unmanned platforms in the air, on the surface, under the surface, in space, and in cyberspace. The main trends that are changing the cyber battlespace are networking, time shortening, the increase in the amount of data, and proliferation of autonomous and robotic systems, as well as artificial intelligence and cognitive computing.


Cyber warfare Non-kinetic Battle management 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Information TechnologyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland

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