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Personal Pensions and Homeownership in the EU: An Overview

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Abstract

Investing in personal pensions and in private homeownership are the two main investment decisions consumers make over their life cycle with profound implications for their old-age arrangements. With the demographic change ahead, these two sources of additional old-age income will gain in importance in the future. As the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) shows, real assets account for the main share in total household assets, with private homeownership representing the asset type which carries the greatest weight for most of EU Member States. In comparison, voluntary pensions and whole-life insurance play only a minor, in many countries even an insignificant role in households’ asset allocation. In addition, there is a positive correlation for both classes of assets with income and age. To enable low-income households in particular to increase participation in both private homeownership and private pensions, Member States apply a broad variety of policies. They can be classified as market-creating, market-correcting or market-compensating social policies. They complement both traditional policies to correct for market failures in financial markets as well as traditional redistributive social policies. However, to date, there is no coherent approach to either objectives or instruments adopted or to the interrelationship between promoting private homeownership and personal pensions within single Member States, let alone across the EU.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Andrássy University BudapestBudapestHungary

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